UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 

 
FORM 10-K
 

 
(Mark One)
 
x  ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013
or

o  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission file number 333-150954

GUARDIAN 8 HOLDINGS
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada
26-0674103
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

15230 N. 75th Street, Suite 1002
   
Scottsdale, AZ
85260
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (913) 317-8887

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act: None
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act: Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  
o Yes           x No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.  
o Yes           x No

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. 
x    Yes           o No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    
x   Yes            o No
 
Indicate by checkmark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer o    
Accelerated filer o
Non-accelerated filer o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)  
Smaller reporting company x
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   
 Yes          x  No
 
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter. $9,604,133.80 based on a share value of $0.3495.

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date. 38,822,092 shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding on March 21, 2014, which does not include 1,308,179 shares authorized but unissued.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

List hereunder the following documents if incorporated by reference and the Part of the Form 10-K (e.g., Part I, Part II, etc.) into which the document is incorporated: (1) Any annual report to security holders; (2) Any proxy or information statement; and (3) Any prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) or (c) under the Securities Act of 1933. The listed documents should be clearly described for identification purposes (e.g., annual report to security holders for fiscal year ended December 24, 1980).
 
None.
 
 
 

 
GUARDIAN 8 HOLDINGS
FORM 10-K
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I
2
2
8
16
17
17
17
   
PART II
18
18
20
20
26
26
27
27
27
   
Part III
28
28
31
37
39
40
   
Part IV
43
43

 
 

 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This document contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical fact are “forward-looking statements” for purposes of federal and state securities laws, including, but not limited to, any projections of earnings, revenue or other financial items; any statements of the plans, strategies and objections of management for future operations; any statements concerning proposed new services or developments; any statements regarding future economic conditions or performance; any statements or belief; and any statements of assumptions underlying any of the foregoing.

Forward-looking statements may include the words “may,” “could,” “estimate,” “intend,” “continue,” “believe,” “expect” or “anticipate” or other similar words. These forward-looking statements present our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this report. Accordingly, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates on which they are made. We do not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that arise after the dates they are made. You should, however, consult further disclosures we make in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in any of our forward-looking statements are reasonable, actual results could differ materially from those projected or assumed in any of our forward-looking statements. Our future financial condition and results of operations, as well as any forward-looking statements, are subject to change and inherent risks and uncertainties. The factors impacting these risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to:

 
·  
deterioration in general or global economic, market and political conditions;
 
·  
our ability to diversify our operations;
 
·  
actions and initiatives taken by both current and potential competitors;
 
·  
supply chain disruptions for components used in our product;
 
·  
manufacturers inability to deliver components or products on time;
 
·  
inability to raise additional financing for working capital;
 
·  
the fact that our accounting policies and methods are fundamental to how we report our financial condition and results of operations, and they may require management to make estimates about matters that are inherently uncertain;
 
·  
adverse state or federal legislation or regulation that increases the costs of compliance, or adverse findings by a regulator with respect to existing operations;
 
·  
changes in U.S. GAAP or in the legal, regulatory and legislative environments in the markets in which we operate;
 
·  
our ability to efficiently manage our debt obligations;
·  
inability to efficiently manage our operations;
 
·  
inability to achieve future operating results;
 
·  
the unavailability of funds for capital expenditures;
 
·  
our ability to recruit and hire key employees;
 
·  
the inability of management to effectively implement our strategies and business plans; and
 
·  
the other risks and uncertainties detailed in this report.

In this form 10-K references to “Guardian 8”, “G8”, “the Company”, “we,” “us,” “our” and similar terms refer to Guardian 8 Holdings and its wholly owned operating subsidiary, Guardian 8 Corporation.
 
AVAILABLE INFORMATION

We file annual, quarterly and special reports and other information with the SEC.  You can read these SEC filings and reports over the Internet at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov or on our website at www.guardian8.com.  You can also obtain copies of the documents at prescribed rates by writing to the Public Reference Section of the SEC at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549 on official business days between the hours of 10:00 am and 3:00 pm.  Please call the SEC at (800) SEC-0330 for further information on the operations of the public reference facilities. We will provide a copy of our annual report to security holders, including audited financial statements, at no charge upon receipt to of a written request to us at Guardian 8 Holdings, 15230 N. 75th Street, Suite 1002, Scottsdale, Arizona  85260.
 
 
 

 
PART I
 
Item 1. Business.
 
Overview

In November 2010, following a reverse merger by and among us, G8 Acquisition Subsidiary, Inc. (our wholly-owned subsidiary) and Guardian 8 Corporation, a Nevada corporation, we changed the focus of our business plan.

Prior to the reverse merger with Guardian 8 Corporation in November of 2010, we operated under the name Global Risk and focused on the provision of investigative, technical IT, background, document verification, and data banks of security information and entered into the personal defense industry. This business plan was ultimately abandoned following its unsuccessful implementation. Following the merger, we assumed the business plan of Guardian 8 Corporation and entered into the personal defense industry. Concurrent with the effectiveness of the merger, we changed our name to “Guardian 8 Holdings” The result of the merger was that the former stockholders of Guardian 8 Corporation controlled approximately 95% of our outstanding shares of common stock. In addition, Guardian 8 Corporation was deemed to be the acquiring company for financial reporting purposes and the merger was accounted for as a reverse merger. All of our principal operations are conducted through Guardian 8 Corporation as our wholly owned subsidiary.

Guardian 8 Corporation was incorporated in Nevada on June 8, 2009 as Guardian 6 Corporation. In August 2009, we changed our name to Guardian 8 Corporation.

In June of 2009, concurrent with our incorporation, Charles “Andy” Ross, Jr., a former officer and director, agreed to transfer all rights, title and interest in and to all intellectual property rights he held in our device to us in exchange for $300,000 in cash and 19,000,000 shares of our common stock. From August of 2009 through September of 2010, Mr. Ross returned 4,500,000 shares of common stock to us for cancellation to assist in our fund raising efforts.

Recent Developments

In March of 2012 we announced the Pro V2. This model was developed in response to professional security guards seeking a robust design as well as highly functional tool for their duty belt. The Pro V2 will also be available to security conscious industries where staff safety is an ongoing priority.

Throughout the second half of 2012 and the first three quarters of 2013, we were focused on four main initiatives:

·  
raising capital to expand operations;
·  
transitioning from early prototype development into full scale manufacturing operations with our contract manufacturer;
·  
building our infrastructure to support product rollout; and
·  
developing our sales pipeline and distribution channel.

Our capital raise included components of debt and equity instruments.  The debt was primarily issued to related party participants to provide working capital between infusions of equity purchases through private placement offerings.  In total, we entered into notes totaling $562,500 in 2012; and $958,933 in 2013.  These notes included a three-year warrant provision, 12% interest on the outstanding principal, and were extended to ensure we had adequate cash flow until sufficient capital was raised through equity sales.  (Please refer to Part II, Note 6 for further detail).  We also raised approximately $2.0 million through the sale of a unit private placement offering through a registered broker/dealer.  (Please refer to Part II, Note 8 for details of the equity transactions).

Our production operations are outsourced to a Taiwan based entity that has established a successful reputation in the manufacture of mobile and electronic devices.  During 2013, this organization, assisted by our engineers and executives, transitioned the Pro V2 production of test and evaluation units to low rate initial production (LRIP) runs.  This enabled us to generate our first revenue through the sale of product and build inventory for anticipated 2014 sales.  As a result of achieving some initial sales, which we believe will continue to grow in the future periods, we transitioned from being a development stage entity to an operational entity for purposes of financial reporting.  In total, we recognized $43,619 in revenue for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2013.

During 2013 we also made significant investments in personnel and systems that will continue as sales expand.  Specifically, we hired a Vice President of Customer Service, a sales team, administrative support, as well as contracted training staff to support product roll out.  We anticipate making additional strategic hires in 2014 to support our efforts in reaching our targeted markets.
 
 
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During the year, we did add 350 leads to our contact database, initiated forty-six test and evaluation programs with strategic customers, and certified 52 trainers.  In addition, we attended five key trade shows within the Private Security and Hospital Security industries, and intend to continue making a presence at these type of events in the coming months.

On January 17, 2014, we entered into a revolving line of credit agreement with Cornerstone Bank, N.A.  The agreement provides for an aggregate of up to $700,000 at any time outstanding pursuant to a revolving line of credit and matures on January 16, 2015.  The agreement is secured by inventory, work in process, accounts receivable and was personally guaranteed by our Chief Executive Officer/President.  Borrowings bear interest at 6% per annum, with monthly interest payments. A copy of the Cornerstone Line of Credit Agreements are attached hereto as Exhibit 10.43.

Primary Business Strategy
 
Guardian 8 develops and distributes a proprietary new class of non-lethal weapons to the professional security market.  This product was designed by the Company in response to demands from professional security guards seeking a more robust product as well as highly functional tool for their duty belt.

The Company went through several years of development with our targeted industry to ensure that the compliment of features included in our product, the Pro V2, would address the needs of the user.  This included several revisions of the platform before our final product was introduced in the second quarter of 2013.

During the third quarter of 2013, the Company received its first production units assembled by its contract manufacturing, and began shipping product for both evaluation by potential customers, and actual orders where revenue was recognizable for the period.  The Company also developed its user-training program, to include certification of individuals who passed the combination of classroom and tactical training exercises.  The first training classes were held in the third and fourth quarter of 2013, resulting in more than 52 certified instructors being readied for field deployment.

During the same period, the Company added strategic hires to begin promoting and selling product within its targeted market of private security and to expand the test and evaluation program introducing the Pro V2 to new customers.  This included personnel in Customer Service, Sales, and Technical service.

The Guardian 8 Pro V2 Device

The G8 Pro V2, and enhanced non-lethal (ENL) device is a product that combines a multitude of non-lethal technologies designed to help protect individuals from aggressors and assailants, while notifying law enforcement authorities and other stakeholders of the situation.

The G8 Pro V2 is a small, hand-held device that integrates a collection of non-lethal technologies including a: Laser Spotter, LED Strobe Light, Alerting Siren, Camera, Microphone, and O.C. Pepper Spray to give the user a single solution for effectively defending against aggressive subjects.
 
The unit’s risk mitigation capabilities are further enhanced through the patented use of Bluetooth® enabled emergency notification technology creating a command center communication link and incident recording capabilities.  Finally, the G8 Pro V2 is designed to support additional device customizations by modifying or disabling features through custom software according to any customer’s security & personnel policies and requirements.

In 2011, we received an ASIS Accolades “Security’s Best” Award for our first generation device, placing us among just ten companies to earn this coveted designation at the 2011 ASIS International professional security conference.

We are now focused on marketing our innovative and patented personal defense solution to professional security organizations, private professionals, along with the development of complimentary product lines for individuals and families.

The need for personal security is escalating due to heightened violence threatening our communities.  As a result, a growing number of products are appearing in the market place. Such devices range from weapons designed to inflict harm on an attacker to alarms designed to call attention to the situation at hand so as to dissuade an attacker from further aggression.

Although such devices are assumed to be effective, we believe it is desirable to have a device that presents a plurality of security functions allowing the user to defend against dangerous situations and communicate the impending situation through the deployment of one device.
 
 
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In response to this perceived need, we have developed a new class of hand held security devices, the ENL which presents a multi-layered set of security features including pepper spray, images, recording, and audio alarms and communication with 9-1-1 or other preselected numbers. Such functions may either be initiated by the user or automatically activated during physical confrontations. The commercial model being released in 2013 resembles an intuitive pistol configuration enabling the user to better manipulate the device and control the available functions, as well as reduce the training requirements.
 
Additional significant objectives of the device are:

 
·  
to provide countermeasures that can momentarily incapacitate attackers and provide pain compliance;
 
·  
to activate audio and/or visual alarms so as to call attention to the altercation and/or frighten the attacker;
 
·  
to provide a laser pointing device that enables the user to accurately direct pepper-spray upon the attacker with a tracer substance to assist in subsequent identifications, as well as display a product warning prior to engagement;
 
·  
to provide a device that links with a cell phone using Bluetooth technology so as to automatically alert 9-1-1 and/or document audio messages, and audio and image recordings of the altercation;
 
·  
to provide a security device that transmits and/or documents the audio or visual recordings; and
 
·  
to provide a security device that provides a direct 2-way voice communication link with 9-1-1 or other preselected numbers.

Device Warranty
     
We offer a three month limited warranty on our device. If the device fails to operate properly for any reason during the warranty period, we will replace the device.

We also offer an additional one-year warranty for a fee.  The revenue derived from the one-year-warranties are deferred at the time of sale, and amortized monthly over the length of the term.  Devices returned during their warranty period will be replaced at no charge, if the return is the result of a manufacturing defect.  If the unit is no longer working as a result of damage to the device, we will charge a discounted replacement price depending on when the product was placed in service or for a flat replacement fee.  Our warranty fees are intended to cover the handling and repair costs and include a profit.  To account for warranty related expenses, we established appropriate reserves.  In addition, our contract manufacturer provides the Company with an overallotment of product to help offset any costs associated with manufacturing defects.

We believe these reserves are adequate, and that our policy will be attractive to our customers. In particular, it avoids disputes regarding the source or cause of any defect. Extended warranties which provide additional coverage beyond the limited warranty, ranging from one to four years are anticipated to be also offered for specified fees.

Sales and Marketing

U.S. Private Security Services Market

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, over 3.2 million Americans worked in the protective services industry as of May 2011, or nearly 4 times the 850,380 sworn police officers & investigators who work in professional law enforcement and are currently supported by the lethal/less-lethal weapons manufacturers.
 
The Justice Policy Institute (JPI) estimates that the U.S. spends more than $100 Billion annually on professional law enforcement, before the inclusion of expenditures on private security personnel. In 2007, approximately 77% of police spending was by local governments whose budgets and resources have been strained in recent years.
 
Professional Security Guarding Market
 
The Protective Services Industry includes individuals employed in prisons and correctional facilities (public & private), gaming surveillance officers, transit and railroad police, recreational protective service workers including fish and game wardens, along with over 1 million professional private security guarding officers.
 
Professional security guards are employed by a combination of contract security guarding companies and the private security departments of global corporations, organizations and institutions.
 
According to the American Society of Industrial Security (ASIS), 34.5% of companies outsource their security guarding requirements with contract security guard companies.
 
An additional 56.5% of the market is represented by “in-house” corporate or organizational security personnel, indicating that direct corporate security customers could provide an extremely attractive customer opportunity in the U.S.
 
 
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The U.S. Department of Labor further predicts that the Professional Security Guarding market will demand more than 200,000 additional workers, growing by nearly 20% from 2010-2020, and representing 55% of projected total job creation within the Protective Services Industry.
 
According to The Freedonia Group, in 2009 the top 5 security guarding companies controlled 33% of the U.S. contract security market.  While this is indicative of a highly fragmented market, recent estimates of the largest 50 contract security companies reflect combined annual U.S. revenues of ~$10 billion and combined security officer personnel of nearly 350,000, indicating that a substantial market opportunity exists within a relatively concentrated target customer market.
 
Guardian 8 has established contacts with many of the largest security guarding companies which entail collaborative design, development and documentation efforts to ensure that the final product meets existing customer requirements for functionality and security.  As a result, Guardian 8 has not only identified these contract security providers as ideal launch customers, but has also made significant progress in establishing the value and significance of the G8 Pro V2 within this segment.
 
In addition, many of these companies employ tens of thousands more security guards internationally and consequently represent direct channels to a global professional user base in nearly every major market in the world.
 
As specific examples, G4S (Wackenhut) reports that they employ 125,000 security guards in the country of India alone, and Inter-Con Security employs over 25,000 security guards worldwide.
 
Total U.S. estimates of the number of contract security companies range from conservative figures of 8,000 in the U.S. to as many as 14,000 according to Robert H. Perry & Associates, pointing to an extremely large number of firms with fewer than 10 officers each.
 
According to 2009 Dun & Bradstreet research, contract security firms with 100 or more employees represented 69.0% of the industry employee base, while 70.8% of contract security firms had fewer than 10 employees.
 
While these firms may be more challenging to address with a direct internal sales & marketing approach, Guardian 8 has made preparations through a well-conceived online marketing and inbound sales system to capture smaller order lots and effectively train, service and support smaller organizations.
 
In addition, the market recognition already received by the G8 Pro V2 through the Company’s industry involvement, active participation and award winning innovation have driven more than 24,000 prospective customer contacts into their SalesForce.com registry.
 
Global Private Security Services Market
 
The global security services market as estimated by The Freedonia Group is projected to grow 7.4% annually and reach $214 Billion in 2014.  In addition, it is estimated that professional security officers outnumber law enforcement by a 10 to 1 ratio internationally
 
Guardian 8 has already received interest from more than 2 dozen dealers representing 18 foreign countries, with most prepared to purchase the product immediately for distribution abroad.  International interest includes indications of interest from Security Companies, Distributors and Executive Protection providers.
 
Guardian 8’s SalesForce.com database contains over 1,100 contacts who have expressed interest in purchasing G8 Pro V2 units as they become available to the marketplace.  Among these contacts are representatives from countries representing a remarkable degree of international reach for a development stage company and a promising market channel for reaching millions of professionals, and potentially tens of millions of consumers.
 
Based upon available market and industry data, estimates developed by L.A. Davis & Associates place the aggregate revenue opportunity based on the proposed retail unit price, to U.S. and International professionals and consumers at approximately $50 Billion.
 
A significant contributor to the magnitude of this opportunity is the diversity and size of established market applications.  Guardian 8’s innovative device appeals to security professionals across a broad range of industries, both domestically and internationally, and holds promise as a unique and effective personal defense device for consumers.
 
 
5

 
Retail Market

Sadly, violent crime in the U.S. is escalating. As a result, a sizable number of women in the United States will fall victim to a violent crime at some point in their lives. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, aggravated assault accounted for 62.5% of the 1.3 million violent crimes committed in the U.S. in 2010. The reality of these statistics has created a sizable self-defense products and services market. Consumers have a bevy of options to protect themselves, including self-defense classes, alarms, lethal and nonlethal weapons, even cell phones. None of these options is perfect; most offer a singular means of defense that may or may not be appropriate, depending on the situation. A device that incorporates features to de-escalate a dangerous situation while also providing an effective means of defense would likely ease a clouded decision-making process.

One of the directives of the Law Enforcement Alliance of America (LEAA)—the nation’s largest nonprofit, nonpartisan coalition of law enforcement professionals—is to educate the public about the best ways to avoid violent crime. Rather than offer blanket advice to either resist or comply, LEAA advises those faced with a violent attack to analyze their options to the extent possible and then make a decision and act swiftly. The options include running away, calling for help (either other people nearby or 9-1-1 via cell phone), or fighting back. The LEAA adds this sobering reminder, “No matter what course of action you choose, if you are attacked by a violent criminal, there is always a chance you may be hurt or killed.” Unfortunately, whatever choice the victim makes—grabbing a cell phone, alarm or pepper spray—it could be the wrong choice. There are no easy answers when facing a potentially violent assault. A clear improvement, in our view, would be the ability to alarm others, notify 9-1-1, and discourage further aggression in a single device. Further, the ability to use a weapon at a distance significantly reduces risk to the victim.

We plan to approach the market on three fronts; (i) The Private Security Market, (ii) National Accounts, and (iii) the Retail Market. We are currently in discussion with several large private security firms about testing the product as well as support for training. We intend to begin discussions with potential National Accounts targets once the testing phase for our product has been completed.

United States Distribution

Initially we intend to focus on the professional and consumer defense market as our primary target. We are evaluating a number of go to market strategies for the product; including, security firms, direct sales, distributors, etc.

We intend to implement a variety of marketing initiatives to support sales of our device. We may produce an infomercial, if we maintain sufficient funds, which will air in initially in selected markets and if successful will target a nationwide campaign.

International Distribution

We intend to market and distribute our device in foreign markets through a network of distributors. For geographical and cultural reasons, it is anticipated that our distributors, when established, will usually have a territory defined by their country’s borders. These distributors will market our device where allowed by law. For foreign sales we may utilize an established distributor.  As of December 31, 2013, we had two international distributors contracted that had received initial product orders.    
     
Manufacturing
     
We intend to outsource all of our component manufacturing and assembly at least for the foreseeable future. We currently are utilizing a reputable company based in Taiwan to manufacture our initial device; and we do not foresee any issues with locating additional manufacturers of our device if and when the time arises.

Competition

Our device is anticipated to compete with other defense devices such as electronic control devices, batons, clubs, and other non-lethal chemical sprays; such as those sold by companies as TASER® International, Armor Holdings, Inc., TigerLight, PepperBall Technologies, Kimber, Ruger and FN Herstal. The primary competitive factors in the private citizen market include a device’s cost, perceived liability, optionality, effectiveness, safety and ease of use. 
 
Regulation

United States Regulation
     
Our device will be subject to regulations; although we do not believe our device is considered to be a “firearm” by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Therefore, no Federal firearms-related regulations will apply to the sale and distribution of our device within the United States.
 
 
6

     
We are also subject to environmental laws and regulations, including restrictions on the presence of certain substances in electronic products. Reference is made to Risk Factors, under the heading “Environmental laws and regulations subject us to a number of risks and could result in significant liabilities and costs”.

Pepper Spray Regulations

One important issue for us is the way our device will be categorized by various government agencies. How the U.S. government categorizes the device could limit where our device can be exported. Domestically, we will have to cope with regulations that pertain to the use of pepper spray devices at the state level.

While the laser-targeting functionality of our device may be restricted by government export laws for a limited number of countries, pepper spray is the only component of the device that can truly be considered a weapon. Pepper spray causes temporary blindness, pain, breathing problems and panic. When used excessively on someone with a pre-existing medical condition, it can, in rare cases, even result in death. As such, the self-defense product is restricted in some states and countries. The size of the pepper spray canister and the percentage of capsaicin are regulated by some states.

By comparison, many states ban electronic control devices (“ECDs”) from schools and courts, and some have additional restrictions such as limiting their use to homes and businesses or, as with handguns, requiring a concealed weapons permits to carry them in public. At the time of this report, Hawaii, US Virgin Islands, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey and the District of Columbia prohibit the use of ECDs by the general public. Unlike ECDs, pepper spray is regulated in only five states and the District of Columbia. These limited regulations restrict retailers by requiring a firearms identification card, in some cases, and by limiting the size of the canister and strength of the spray. The pepper spray regulatory environment is not anticipated to limit our efforts to market our device to the security guard market and should be only a slight headwind in the consumer market in the six states that regulate the product. In addition, we plan to develop a version of our device that does not incorporate pepper spray.

United States Export Regulation
    
Our product was recently classified EAR99, relatively unrestricted by the Department of Commerce (DOC). Accordingly, the export of our device will be regulated under export administration regulations and subject to export bans established by DOC to a limited set of restricted countries. We will be required to obtain export licenses from the DOC for all shipments to foreign countries other than Canada. The need to obtain these licenses may cause a delay in our shipments if we develop an international sales program.

Foreign Regulation
     
The U.S. Department of Defense, through its International Traffic in Arms regulation (ITAR), controls the exportation of defense products—the types of products exported and the countries to which they are exported. Pepper spray devices are exempt from this regulation, and our EAR99 classification affirms this view. Additionally, the Department of Commerce will require an export license for each country into which our device is sold and will most likely limit us from selling into the eight or so international markets for which our government has expressed human rights concerns. We expect, through distributors, to deal with specific regulatory issues on a country-by-country basis, which will likely lengthen the sales cycle for international sales.

Foreign regulations, which may affect our device, are numerous and often unclear. We intend to engage distributors who are familiar with the applicable import regulations in each foreign market we enter, if any. Restrictions may prohibit certain sales of our products in a number of countries. We intend to rely on the distributors to inform us of those countries where our device is prohibited or restricted.

Intellectual Property
     
We intend to protect our intellectual property with U.S. patents and trademarks.  As of December 31, 2013, we have received two US patents for design of the Pro V2 and the initial product.  The Pro V2 also has a design patent internationally via OHIM filing.  In addition to design patents, we have also had one US utility patent issued for the integration of our message playback via Bluetooth connectivity.  And, we have one additional US mechanical utility patent under review.

As of December 31, 2013, we also received notification that our trademark filing for the G8 logo was approved and is pending issue.

We intend to continuously assess whether and where to seek formal protection for particular innovations and technologies based on such factors as: the commercial significance of our operations and our competitors’ operations in particular countries and regions; our strategic technology or product directions in different countries; and the degree to which intellectual property laws exist and are meaningfully enforced in different jurisdictions.
 
 
7

  
Confidentiality agreements are used with employees, consultants and key suppliers to help ensure the confidentiality of our trade secrets. 

Research and Development
     
Since our inception, we have expensed approximately $1,575,000 on research and development. Our investment in research and development staff and equipment is anticipated to increase as our device gains market acceptance and we move into design and development of additional versions of our device or other products. Our return on this investment is intended to be realized over the long term, although new systems and technologies may have a more immediate impact on our business.

Employees

We currently have nine full-time employees; our CEO/president, C. Stephen Cochennet, and eight for Guardian 8 Corporation, Paul Hughes, Chief Operating Officer, Jose Rojas, Vice President of Customer Service, a lead engineer, a customer service representative, administrative support and three full time sales people. We also have engaged an interim CFO, Kathleen Hanrahan, on a part-time consulting basis. We also utilize the services of additional contract personnel as needed which include engineers and other technical professionals. We are currently managed by C. Stephen Cochennet, Kathleen Hanrahan and Paul Hughes with the assistance of our board of directors. We look to Mr. Cochennet, Ms. Hanrahan and Mr. Hughes for entrepreneurial, organizational and management skills. We have entered into employment agreements with Mr. Cochennet, Ms. Hanrahan and the four other key employees of Guardian 8 Corporation. We plan to continue to use consultants, legal and patent attorneys, design and mechanical engineers, engineers and accountants as necessary. We may hire marketing employees based on the projected size of the market and the compensation necessary to retain qualified sales employees. A portion of any employee compensation likely would include direct stock grants, or the right to acquire stock in the company, which would dilute the ownership interest of holders of existing shares of our common stock.
 
Item 1A. Risk Factors.
 
In the course of conducting our business operations, we are exposed to a variety of risks that are inherent to our industry. The following discusses some of the key inherent risk factors that could affect our business and operations, as well as other risk factors that are particularly relevant to us in the current period of significant economic and market disruption. Other factors besides those discussed below or elsewhere in this report also could adversely affect our business and operations, and these risk factors should not be considered a complete list of potential risks that may affect us.
 
Risks Related to Our Business

Substantial doubt exists about our ability to continue our business as a going concern.

Our financial statements have been prepared assuming we will continue as a going concern.  We had minimal revenue and negative working capital as of December 31, 2013.  As a result of our losses and ongoing need for financing, the report from our independent registered public accounting firm on our financial statements for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 contained a paragraph indicating substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern.  If we do not raise sufficient debt or equity capital, we may be forced to curtail our growth plans and may be unable to respond to competitive pressures and/or perceived opportunities.  These conditions create uncertainty as to our ability to continue as a going concern, and our financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
 
 
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We recently transitioned from a development stage company to an operating entity; however, we have a minimal operating history and have continued to generate substantial losses from operations, which raises substantial doubt as to our ability to successfully develop profitable business operations.

We have a limited operating history.  Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered in developing and marketing a new personal defense product. As a result of our recent formation we have yet to generate any revenues from operations and have been focused on organizational issues, start-up challenges, market analysis, product development, building relationships and initial fund raising activities. There is nothing at this time on which to base an assumption that our business operations will prove to be successful or that we will ever be able to operate profitably.  Our future operating results will depend on many factors, including:

·      our ability to raise adequate working capital;
·      success of our product development efforts;
·      success of our marketing and sales efforts;
·      the level of our competition;
·      demand for the product at a profitable price;
·      the ability of our contract manufacturer to maintain adequate levels of inventory and finished product;
·      our ability to attract and maintain key management and employees; and
·     our ability to effectively demonstrate our ability to develop, produce and market a personal defense product.
 
To achieve profitable operations, we must, alone or with others, successfully execute on the factors stated above, along with continually developing ways to enhance our operations. Despite our best efforts we may not be successful in our development and marketing efforts or obtain required regulatory approvals. There is a possibility that our business plan may not be received favorably by investors or we may not be able to perfect our plan of operation to be commercially viable.

We will need additional capital in the future to finance our planned growth, which we may not be able to raise or it may only be available on terms unfavorable to us or our stockholders, which may result in our inability to fund our working capital requirements and harm our operational results.

We have and expect to continue to have working capital needs. We expect our cash on hand, together with cash generated from product sales, cash equivalents and short-term investments to meet our working capital and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next three months. After that time we may need to raise additional funds to fund our operations and implement our growth strategy, or to respond to competitive pressures and/or perceived opportunities, such as investment, acquisition, marketing and development activities.

If we experience operating difficulties or other factors, many of which may be beyond our control, cause our revenues or cash flows from operations, if any, to decrease, we may be limited in our ability to spend the capital necessary to complete our development, marketing and growth programs. If our cash flows do not commence within three months, we will require additional financing, in addition to anticipated cash generated from our operations, to fund our planned growth. Additional financing might not be available on terms favorable to us, or at all. If adequate funds were not available or were not available on acceptable terms, our ability to fund our operations, take advantage of unanticipated opportunities, develop or enhance our business or otherwise respond to competitive pressures would be significantly limited. In such a capital restricted situation, we may curtail our marketing, development, and operational activities or be forced to sell some of our assets on an untimely or unfavorable basis. 
 
 
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Our indebtedness could adversely affect our business and limit our ability to plan for or respond to changes in our business, and we may be unable to generate sufficient cash flow to satisfy significant debt service obligations.
 
As of December 31, 2013, our consolidated long-term indebtedness was $1.1 million, with approximately $1.0 million due to related parties. As discussed elsewhere herein, we intend to incur additional indebtedness in the future, including borrowings under a new line of credit with CornerStone Bank. Our indebtedness, after taking into account additional borrowings under the line of credit, could have important consequences, including the following:
 
 
 
increasing our vulnerability to general adverse economic and industry conditions;
 
 
 
reducing the availability of our cash flow for other purposes;
 
 
 
limiting our flexibility in planning for, or reacting to, changes in our business and the industry in which we operate, which would place us at a competitive disadvantage compared to our competitors that may have less debt;
 
 
 
limiting, by the financial and other restrictive covenants in our debt agreements, our ability to borrow additional funds; and
 
 
 
having a material adverse effect on our business if we fail to comply with the covenants in our debt agreements, because such failure could result in an event of default that, if not cured or waived, could result in all or a substantial amount of our indebtedness becoming immediately due and payable.
 
Our ability to incur significant future indebtedness, whether to finance potential acquisitions or for general corporate purposes, will depend on our ability to generate cash. To a certain extent, our ability to generate cash is subject to general economic, financial, competitive, legislative, regulatory, and other factors that are beyond our control. If our business does not generate sufficient cash flow from operations or if future borrowings are not available to us under the line of credit in amounts sufficient to enable us to fund our liquidity needs, our financial condition and operating results may be adversely affected. If we cannot make scheduled principal and interest payments on our debt obligations in the future, we may need to refinance all or a portion of our indebtedness on or before maturity, sell assets, delay capital expenditures, or seek additional equity.
 
We substantially depend on sales of our Pro V2 device, and if this device does not gain industry acceptance, our growth prospects will be diminished.
 
For the year ended December 31, 2013, we derived our revenues predominately from the Pro V2 device, and expect to depend on sales of this product for the foreseeable future. If the professional security industry does not accept our device, it would significantly harm our growth prospects, operating results and financial condition.

We are highly dependent on our officers and directors. The loss of any of them, whose knowledge, leadership and technical expertise upon which we rely, could harm our ability to execute our business plan.
 
Our success depends heavily upon the continued contributions of our current officers and directors, whose knowledge, leadership and technical expertise may be difficult to replace at this stage in our business development, and on our ability to retain and attract experienced experts, and other technical and professional staff.  We have entered into an employment agreement with Paul Hughes, Chief Operating Officer for Guardian 8 Corporation, but do not maintain key person insurance on him or Mr. Cochennet, the sole officer of the parent company. We have entered into employment agreements with Mr. Cochennet, Mr. Hughes and the other full-time executive employees of Guardian 8 Corporation. If we were to lose the services of our officers or directors, our ability to execute our business plan would be harmed and we may be forced to cease operations until such time as we could hire suitable replacements.
 
At this stage of our business operations, even with our good faith efforts, potential investors may lose their entire investment.
 
Because the nature of our business is expected to change as a result of shifts in the self-defense and personal protection industry, competition, and the development of new and improved technology, management forecasts are not necessarily indicative of future operations and should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance.
 
While Management believes its estimates of projected occurrences and events are within the timetable of its business plan, our actual results may differ substantially from those that are currently anticipated.
 
 
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We may face personal injury and other liability claims that harm our reputation and adversely affect our sales and financial condition.
     
Our device is anticipated to be used in confrontations that may result in bodily injury to those involved. A person injured in a confrontation or otherwise in connection with the use of our device may bring legal action against us to recover damages on the basis of theories including personal injury, negligent design, defective product or inadequate warning. We may also be subject to lawsuits involving allegations of misuse of our products. If successful, personal injury, misuse and other claims could have a material adverse effect on our operating results and financial condition and could result in negative publicity about our device. Although we intend to carry product liability insurance, even if completely unfounded, we may still incur large legal expenses if we choose to self-insure and defend lawsuits and significant litigation this could also result in a diversion of management’s attention and resources, negative publicity and a potential award of monetary damages in excess of our insurance coverage. The outcome of any litigation is inherently uncertain and there can be no assurance that any future litigation will not have a material adverse effect on our revenues, our financial condition or financial results.

To the extent demand for our device increases, our future success will be dependent upon our ability to establish manufacturing production capacity which will be accomplished by the implementation of customized manufacturing automation equipment.

                To the extent demand for our device increases significantly in future periods, one of our key challenges will be to ramp our production capacity to meet sales demand, while maintaining product quality. Our primary strategies to accomplish this include locating larger outsourced assembly facilities. Our inability to meet any future increase in sales demand or effectively manage our expansion could have a material adverse effect on our revenues, financial results and financial condition.

If we are unable to design, introduce and sell new products or new product features successfully, our business and financial results could be adversely affected.     

Our future success may depend on our ability to develop new products or new product features that achieve market acceptance in a timely and cost-effective manner. The development of new products and new product features is complex, time consuming and expensive, and we may experience delays in completing the development and introduction of new products. We cannot provide any assurance that products that we may develop in the future will achieve market acceptance. If we fail to develop new products or new product features on a timely basis that achieve market acceptance, our business, financial results and competitive position could be adversely affected. 
 
Most of our end-user customers are subject to budgetary and political constraints that may delay or prevent sales.
 
Some of our end-user customers are targeted to be government agencies or large corporations. These agencies/corporations often do not set their own budgets and therefore, have limited control over the amount of money they can spend. In addition, these agencies experience political pressure that may dictate the manner in which they spend money. As a result, even if an agency/corporation wants to acquire our products, it may be unable to purchase them due to budgetary or political constraints, particularly in challenging economic environments. Currently, many governmental agencies are continuing to experience severe budgetary constraints. There can be no assurance that the economic and budgeting issues will not worsen and adversely impact sales of our products. Some orders may also be canceled or substantially delayed due to budgetary, political or other scheduling delays which frequently occur in connection with the acquisition of products by such agencies and such cancellations may accelerate or be more severe than we anticipated as a result of the current economic environment.
 
We expend significant resources in anticipation of a sale due to our lengthy sales cycle and may receive no revenue in return.
 
Generally, private security companies and other agencies/corporations consider a wide range of issues before committing to purchase our products, including product benefits, training costs, the cost to use our products in addition to, or in place of, other products, budget constraints and product reliability, safety and efficacy. The length of our sales cycle may range from a few weeks to as long as several years. Adverse publicity surrounding our products or the safety of such products could lengthen our sales cycle with customers. We may incur substantial selling costs and expend significant effort in connection with the evaluation of our products by potential customers before they place an order. If these potential customers do not purchase our products, we will have expended significant resources and received no revenue in return.
 
Government regulation of our device and future products may adversely affect sales.

Federal regulation of sales in the United States: Our device is not considered a firearm regulated by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, but is a consumer product regulated by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Although there are currently no federal laws restricting sales of our device in the United States, future federal regulation could adversely affect sales of our device and future products.
 
 
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Federal regulation of international sales: We have been advised that our device has been classified by the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC) as an EAR99 for the purposes of exporting.  This is a less regulated category, and does not require the Company to apply for an export license each time it ships to a new customer outside the U.S.  However, dependent upon changes enforced in export regulations, in the future, we could be controlled, similar to other self-defense device manufacturers, as a “crime control” product by the U.S. Department of Commerce, or DOC, for export directly from the United States.  Our inability to obtain DOC export licenses, if required, for sales of our device to international customers could significantly and adversely affect our business.
     
State and local regulation: Our device may be controlled, restricted or its use prohibited by a number of state and local governments. Other jurisdictions may ban or restrict the sale of our device and our sales may be significantly affected by additional state, county and city governmental regulation.
     
Foreign regulation: Certain foreign jurisdictions prohibit the sale of conducted energy devices, which may include a product such as our device, limiting some of our international sales opportunities.

Environmental laws and regulations subject us to a number of risks and could result in significant liabilities and costs.
     
We may be subject to various state, federal and international laws and regulations governing the environment, including restricting the presence of certain substances in electronic products and making producers of those products financially responsible for the collection, treatment, recycling and disposal of those products. Environmental legislation within the European Union (EU) may increase our cost of doing business internationally and impact our revenues from EU countries as we comply with and implement these requirements.
     
The EU has published Directives on the restriction of certain hazardous substances in electronic and electrical equipment (the RoHS Directive) which became effective in July 2006, and on electronic and electrical waste management (the WEEE Directive). The RoHS Directive restricts the use of a number of substances, including lead. The WEEE Directive directs members of the European Union to enact laws, regulations, and administrative provisions to ensure that producers of electric and electronic equipment are financially responsible for the collection, recycling, treatment and environmentally responsible disposal of certain products sold into the market after August 15, 2005 and from products in use prior to that date that are being replaced. In addition, similar environmental legislation has been or may be enacted in other jurisdictions, including the U.S. (under federal and state laws) and other countries, the cumulative impact of which could be significant.
     
We intend to monitor the impact of specific registration and compliance activities required by the RoHS and WEEE Directives. We endeavor to comply with applicable environmental laws, yet compliance with such laws could increase our operations and product costs; increase the complexities of product design, procurement, and manufacturing; limit our ability to manage excess and obsolete non-compliant inventory; limit our sales activities; and impact our future financial results. Any violation of these laws can subject us to significant liability, including fines, penalties, and prohibiting sales of our products into one or more states or countries, and result in a material adverse effect on our financial condition.
 
If we are unable to protect our intellectual property, we may lose a competitive advantage or incur substantial litigation costs to protect our rights.
     
Our future success depends upon our proprietary technology. Our protective measures, including a patent and trade secret protection, may prove inadequate to protect our proprietary rights. The right to stop others from misusing our trademarks and service marks in commerce depends to some extent on our ability to show evidence of enforcement of our rights against such misuse in commerce. Our efforts to stop improper use, if insufficient, may lead to loss of trademark and service mark rights, brand loyalty and notoriety among our customers and prospective customers. The scope of any patent to which we have or may obtain rights may not prevent others from developing and selling competing products. The validity and breadth of claims covered in technology patents involve complex legal and factual questions, and the resolution of such claims may be highly uncertain, lengthy and expensive. In addition, our patents may be held invalid upon challenge, or others may claim rights in or ownership of our patent.      

We may be subject to intellectual property infringement claims, which could cause us to incur litigation costs and divert management attention from our business.

                Any intellectual property infringement claims against us, with or without merit, could be costly and time-consuming to defend and divert our management’s attention from our business. If our products were found to infringe a third party’s proprietary rights, we could be required to enter into costly royalty or licensing agreements in order to be able to sell our products. Royalty and licensing agreements, if required, may not be available on terms acceptable to us or at all.
 
 
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 Our efforts to avoid the patent, trademark, and copyright rights of others may not provide notice to us of potential infringements in time to avoid investing in product development and promotion that must later be abandoned if suitable license terms cannot be reached.
     
There is no guarantee that our use of conventional technology searching and brand clearance searching will identify all potential rights holders. Rights holders may demand payment for past infringements and/or force us to accept costly license terms or discontinue use of protected technology and/or works of authorship that may include for example photos, videos, and software.

Defects in our products could reduce demand for our products and result in a loss of sales, delay in market acceptance and injury to our reputation.

Complex components and assemblies used in our products may contain undetected defects that are subsequently discovered at any point in the life of the product. Defects in our products may result in a loss of sales, delay in market acceptance and injury to our reputation and increased warranty costs.

To the extent demand for our products increase, our future success will be dependent upon our ability to ramp manufacturing production capacity.

We intend to continue marketing our new self-defense device products. To the extent demand for that product, or other products we may develop, increases significantly in future periods, one of our key challenges will be to ramp up production capacity to meet sales demand, while maintaining product quality. We plan to use a contract manufacturer for all of our products. Our inability to meet any future increase in sales demand, access capital for inventory, may hinder growth or increase dilution.

Component shortages could result in our inability to produce volume to adequately meet customer demand. This could result in a loss of sales, delay in deliveries and injury to our reputation.
     
Single source components used in the manufacture of our products may become unavailable or discontinued. Delays caused by industry allocations, or obsolescence may take weeks or months to resolve. In some cases, parts obsolescence may require a product re-design to ensure quality replacement components. These delays could cause significant delays in manufacturing and loss of sales, leading to adverse effects significantly impacting our financial condition or results of operations.

Our dependence on foreign suppliers for key components of our products could delay shipment of our finished products and reduce our sales.
     
We anticipate depending on foreign suppliers for the delivery of certain components used in the assembly of our products. Due to changes imposed for imports of foreign products into the United States, as well as potential port closures and delays created by terrorist threats, public health issues or national disasters, we may be exposed to risk of delays caused by freight carriers or customs clearance issues for our imported parts. Delays caused by our inability to obtain components for assembly could have a material adverse effect on our revenues, profitability and financial condition.

We may experience a decline in gross margins due to rising raw material and transportation costs associated with a future increase in petroleum based product prices.
     
A significant number of our raw materials are comprised of petroleum based products, or incur some form of landed cost associated with transporting the raw materials or components to our facility. A significant rise in commodity prices could adversely impact our ability to sustain current gross margins, by increasing component pricing.
 
We face risks associated with rapid technological change and new competing products.
     
The technology associated with non-lethal devices is receiving significant attention and is rapidly evolving. While we anticipate having patent protection in key areas of our technology, it is possible that new non-lethal technology may result in competing products that operate outside our patent and could present significant competition for our products.
 
 
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We may acquire assets or other businesses in the future.
 
We may consider acquisitions of assets or other business. Any acquisition involves a number of risks that could fail to meet our expectations and adversely affect our profitability. For example:

·  
The acquired assets or business may not achieve expected results;

·  
We may incur substantial, unanticipated costs, delays or other operational or financial problems when integrating the acquired assets;

·  
We may not be able to retain key personnel of an acquired business;

·  
Our management’s attention may be diverted; or

·  
Our management may not be able to manage the acquired assets or combined entity effectively or to make acquisitions and grow our business internally at the same time.

If these problems arise we may not realize the expected benefits of an acquisition.
 
Risks Relating to Our Common Stock

There is a limited trading market for our shares of common stock on the OTCQB.  You may not be able to sell your shares of common stock if you need money.

Our common stock is traded on the OTCQB, an inter-dealer automated quotation systems for equity securities.  There has been limited trading activity in our common stock, and when it has traded, the price has fluctuated widely.  We consider our common stock to be “thinly traded” and any last reported sale prices might not be a true market-based valuation of the common stock.  Stockholders may experience difficulty selling their shares if they choose to do so because of the illiquid market and limited public float for our common stock.

Any substantial issuance of shares of common stock pursuant to our outstanding warrants could result in dilution to existing stockholders and could cause the market price of these securities to decline.

As of December 31, 2013, we had warrants outstanding for the issuance of 12,938,558 shares of Common Stock at prices ranging from $0.25 to $0.75 per share.  Future material issuances of our securities may reduce earnings per share and dilute the percentage ownership of existing stockholders, which could harm the market price and value of our securities.

Because our common stock is deemed a low-priced “Penny” stock, an investment in our common stock should be considered high risk and subject to marketability restrictions.
 
Since our common stock is a penny stock, as defined in Rule 3a51-1 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, it will be more difficult for investors to liquidate their investment even if and when a market develops for the common stock. Until the trading price of the common stock rises above $5.00 per share, if ever, trading in the common stock is subject to the penny stock rules of the Securities Exchange Act specified in rules 15g-1 through 15g-10. Those rules require broker-dealers, before effecting transactions in any penny stock, to:

 
·  
Deliver to the customer, and obtain a written receipt for, a disclosure document;
 
·  
Disclose certain price information about the stock;
 
·  
Disclose the amount of compensation received by the broker-dealer or any associated person of the broker-dealer;
 
·  
Send monthly statements to customers with market and price information about the penny stock; and
 
·  
In some circumstances, approve the purchaser’s account under certain standards and deliver written statements to the customer with information specified in the rules.
 
Consequently, the penny stock rules may restrict the ability or willingness of broker-dealers to sell the common stock and may affect the ability of holders to sell their common stock in the secondary market and the price at which such holders can sell any such securities. These additional procedures could also limit our ability to raise additional capital in the future.
 
 
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FINRA sales practice requirements may limit a stockholder's ability to buy and sell our stock.
 
In addition to the “penny stock” rules described above, FINRA has adopted rules that require that in recommending an investment to a customer, a broker-dealer must have reasonable grounds for believing that the investment is suitable for that customer. Prior to recommending speculative low priced securities to their non-institutional customers, broker-dealers must make reasonable efforts to obtain information about the customer's financial status, tax status, investment objectives and other information. Under interpretations of these rules, the FINRA believes that there is a high probability that speculative low priced securities will not be suitable for at least some customers. The FINRA requirements make it more difficult for broker-dealers to recommend that their customers buy our common stock, which may limit your ability to buy and sell our stock and have an adverse effect on the market for our shares.
 
Because we were formerly a voluntarily filer under federal securities laws and were a former “shell” company, our stockholders have limited ability to rely upon Rule 144 of the Act for the public sale of our securities.

On February 7, 2013, we filed a Registration Statement on Form 8-A, as amended (the “Form 8-A”) to register our Common Stock under Section 12(g) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). Before this filing we were a voluntarily reporter under the Act and before November 2010 were considered a “shell” company. Therefore, our stockholders have a limited ability to rely on Rule 144 of the Act for the public sale of our securities, which requires us to remain current in our public reports. Because of the limited ability to utilize Rule 144 for resale of our securities, stockholders may be required to hold our securities for longer than anticipated and the costs associated with Rule 144 may be higher than those of other companies.

Transfers of our securities may be restricted by virtue of state securities “blue sky” laws that prohibit trading absent compliance with individual state laws.  These restrictions may make it difficult or impossible to sell shares in those states.

Transfers of our common stock may be restricted under the securities or securities regulation laws promulgated by various states and foreign jurisdictions, commonly referred to as “blue sky” laws.  Absent compliance with such individual state laws, our common stock may not be traded in such jurisdictions.  Because the securities registered hereunder have not been registered for resale under the blue sky laws of any state, the holders of such shares and persons who desire to purchase them should be aware that there may be significant state blue sky law restrictions upon the ability of investors to sell the securities and of purchasers to purchase the securities.  These restrictions may prohibit the secondary trading of our common stock.  Investors should consider the secondary market for our securities to be a limited one.

Our officers and directors collectively own a substantial portion of our outstanding common stock, and as long as they do, they may be able to control the outcome of stockholder voting.

Our officers and directors are collectively the beneficial owners of approximately 33% of the outstanding shares of our common stock.  As long as our officers and directors collectively own a significant percentage of our common stock, our other stockholders may generally be unable to affect or change the management or the direction of our company without the support of our officers and directors.  As a result, some investors may be unwilling to purchase our common stock.  If the demand for our common stock is reduced because our officers and directors have significant influence over our company, the price of our common stock could be materially depressed.  The officers and directors will be able to exert significant influence over the outcome of all corporate actions requiring stockholder approval, including the election of directors, amendments to our articles of incorporation and approval of significant corporate transactions.
 
We have the ability to issue additional shares of our common stock and shares of preferred stock without obtaining stockholder approval, which could cause your investment to be diluted.

Our Articles of incorporation authorizes the Board of Directors to issue up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock and up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock.  The power of the Board of Directors to issue shares of common stock, preferred stock or warrants or options to purchase shares of common stock or preferred stock is generally not subject to stockholder approval.  Accordingly, any additional issuance of our common stock, or preferred stock that may be convertible into common stock, may have the effect of diluting your investment.

We do not expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.

For the foreseeable future, it is anticipated that earnings, if any, that may be generated from our operations will be used to finance our operations and that cash dividends will not be paid to holders of common stock.

 
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Future sales of our common stock may result in a decrease in the market price of our common stock, even if our business is doing well.

The market price of our common stock, when and if established, could drop due to sales of a large number of shares of our common stock in the market after the offering or the perception that such sales could occur. This could make it more difficult to raise funds through future offerings of common stock.
 
Our articles of incorporation and bylaws contain provisions that could discourage an acquisition or change of control of us.
 
Our articles of incorporation authorize our board of directors to issue preferred stock and common stock without stockholder approval. If our board of directors elects to issue preferred stock, it could be more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us. In addition, provisions of the articles of incorporation and bylaws could also make it more difficult for a third party to acquire control of us.
 
There are limitations in connection with the availability of quotes and order information on the OTCQB.

Trades and quotations on the OTCQB involve a manual process and the market information for such securities cannot be guaranteed. In addition, quote information, or even firm quotes, may not be available.  The manual execution process may delay order processing and intervening price fluctuations may result in the failure of a limit order to execute or the execution of a market order at a significantly different price.  Execution of trades, execution reporting and the delivery of legal trade confirmation may be delayed significantly.  Consequently, one may not be able to sell shares of our common stock at the optimum trading prices.
 
There are delays in order communication on the OTCQB.

Electronic processing of orders is not available for securities traded on the OTCQB and high order volume and communication risks may prevent or delay the execution of one’s OTCQB trading orders. This lack of automated order processing may affect the timeliness of order execution reporting and the availability of firm quotes for shares of our common stock. Heavy market volume may lead to a delay in the processing of OTCQB security orders for shares of our common stock, due to the manual nature of the market. Consequently, one may not able to sell shares of our common stock at the optimum trading prices.

There is a risk of market fraud on the OTCQB.

OTCQB securities are frequent targets of fraud or market manipulation. Not only because of their generally low price, but also because the OTCQB reporting requirements for these securities are less stringent than for listed or NASDAQ traded securities, and no exchange requirements are imposed. Dealers may dominate the market and set prices that are not based on competitive forces. Individuals or groups may create fraudulent markets and control the sudden, sharp increase of price and trading volume and the equally sudden collapse of the market price for shares of our common stock.

There is a limitation in connection with the editing and canceling of orders on the OTCQB.

Orders for OTCQB securities may be canceled or edited like orders for other securities. All requests to change or cancel an order must be submitted to, received and processed by the OTCQB. Due to the manual order processing involved in handling OTCQB trades, order processing and reporting may be delayed, and one may not be able to cancel or edit one’s order. Consequently, one may not able to sell their shares of our common stock at the optimum trading prices.

Increased dealer compensation could adversely affect our stock price.

The dealer’s spread (the difference between the bid and ask prices) may be large and may result in substantial losses to the seller  of shares of our common stock may incur an immediate “paper” loss due to the price spread.  Moreover, dealers trading on the OTCQB may not have a bid price for shares of our common stock on the OTCQB.  Due to the foregoing, demand for shares of our common stock on the OTCQB may be decreased or eliminated.

Additional Risks and Uncertainties

If any of the risks that we face actually occur, irrespective of whether those risks are described in this section or elsewhere in this report, our business, financial condition and operating results could be materially adversely affected.
 
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.
 
Not applicable.
 
 
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Item 2. Properties.
 
We lease our approximate 1,789 sq.ft. principal executive office located at 15230 N. 75th Street, Suite 1002, Scottsdale, AZ  85260. We have leased the general office space with rent of approximately $2,000 per month, which expires on March 31, 2014. Additionally, Mr. Cochennet, our CEO/President, occasionally will utilize his home to conduct business on our behalf.  Mr. Cochennet does not receive any remuneration for the use of his home. We intend on seeking a larger executive office space to relocate to within the Scottsdale, Arizona area in 2014; however, at this time no office space has been located and upon expiration of the current lease we will stay on a month-to-month basis until adequate space if located.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

We may become involved in various routine legal proceedings incidental to our business. However, to our knowledge as of the date of this report, there are no material pending legal proceedings to which we are a party or to which any of our property is subject.
 
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.
 
None. 
 
 
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PART II
 
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.
 
(a) Market Information

Our common stock was approved for quotation on the OTCQB systems under the symbol “GRDH” on August 8, 2011.

Our common stock has traded infrequently on the OTCQB, which limits our ability to locate accurate high and low bid prices for each quarter since the common stock began trading. Therefore, the following table lists the available quotations for the high and low bid prices for the fiscal 2013.  The quotations reflect inter-dealer prices without retail mark-up, markdown, or commissions and may not represent actual transactions.

   
2013
   
2012
 
   
High
   
Low
   
High
   
Low
 
1st Quarter
  $ 0.55     $ 0.28     $ 0.50     $ 0.20  
2nd Quarter
  $ 0.46     $ 0.30     $ 0.65     $ 0.15  
3rd Quarter
  $ 0.45     $ 0.28     $ 0.55     $ 0.25  
4th Quarter
  $ 0.75     $ 0.33     $ 0.50     $ 0.10  

On March 26, 2014, the closing price of shares of common stock of the Company was $0.61.  However, the Company considers its common stock to be thinly traded and, as a result, any reported sales prices may not be a true market-based valuation of the common stock.

(b) Holders of Common Stock

As of December 31, 2013, there were approximately 192 holders of record of our Common Stock and 37,274,292shares outstanding, which does not include 2,855,979 shares authorized but unissued.

(c) Dividends

In the future we intend to follow a policy of retaining earnings, if any, to finance the growth of the business and do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. The declaration and payment of future dividends on the Common Stock will be the sole discretion of board of directors and will depend on our profitability and financial condition, capital requirements, statutory and contractual restrictions, future prospects and other factors deemed relevant.
 
(d) Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

None.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

On August 12, 2013, our CEO/president, C. Stephen Cochennet, exercised a warrant for the purchase of 100,000 shares of our common stock for $35,000, which was deducted from the $100,000 principal balance owed to Mr. Cochennet under the terms of a promissory note dated November 13, 2012, as amended. Thereby reducing the principal amount owed to Mr. Cochennet under the note to $65,000 plus accrued and unpaid interest. These shares were issued in November of 2013.

During September and October of 2013, in connection with the issuance of new promissory notes, we issued 1,123,935 three year warrants for the purchase of shares of our common stock for $0.40 per share.

On October 3, 2013, we authorized 31,500 shares to a consultant assisting with the development of our Pro V2 device. The shares were issued in November of 2013.

On October 11, 2013, we conducted the sixth closing under a private placement offering selling 250,000 units for $100,000 to one accredited investor. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. These shares were issued in November of 2013. In connection with the sale of these units, we paid Finance 500, Inc., a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $13,000 and are obligated to issue 15,000 warrants to Finance 500. Each warrant will entitle Finance 500, or its assignees, to purchase one share of our common stock at $0.40 per share for ten years.
 
 
18


On October 25, 2013, we conducted the seventh closing under a private placement offering selling 787,500 units for $315,000 to eleven accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. These shares were issued in November of 2013. In connection with the sale of these units, we paid Finance 500, Inc., a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $40,950 and are obligated to issue 47,250 warrants to Finance 500. Each warrant will entitle Finance 500, or its assignees, to purchase one share of our common stock at $0.40 per share for ten years.

On October 29, 2013, we received $14,375 from two accredited investors and current stockholders for the exercise of warrants to purchase 62,500 shares of common stock. These shares were issued in January of 2014.

On October 29, 2013, we received $40,000 from an accredited investor for the purchase of 100,000 units. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. These shares were issued in January of 2014.

On November 12, 2013, we conducted the eighth closing under a private placement offering selling 1,373,750 units for $549,500 to three accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. As of the date of this report the shares have not been issued. In connection with the sale of these units, we paid Finance 500, Inc., a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $71,435 and are obligated to issue 82,425 warrants to Finance 500. Each warrant will entitle Finance 500, or its assignees, to purchase one share of our common stock at $0.40 per share for ten years.
 
On November 20, 2013, we conducted the final closing under a private placement offering selling 362,500 units for $145,000 to five accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. These shares were issued in December of 2013. In connection with the sale of these units, we paid Finance 500, Inc., a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $18,850 and are obligated to issue 82,42521,750 warrants to Finance 500. Each warrant will entitle Finance 500, or its assignees, to purchase one share of our common stock at $0.40 per share for ten years.
 
On December 31, 2013, we authorized the issuance of 150,000 shares of common stock to our CEO (C. Stephen Cochennet) pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, which vested as of September 30, 2013 and additional 150,000 shares of common stock which vested as of December 31, 2014. Additionally, we authorized the issuance of 100,000 to Mr. Cochennet as a bonus for services above and beyond his employment agreement, during 2013. All of these shares were issued in January of 2014.

On December 31, 2013, we authorized 104,000 shares of common stock to our Interim CFO (Kathleen Hanrahan) pursuant to the terms of her agreement, which vested as of September 30, 2013, and an additional 104,000 shares of common stock which vested as of December 31, 2014. These shares were issued in January of 2014.

On December 31, 2013, we issued 212,500 shares to our Chief Operating Officer (Paul Hughes) and 52,800 to our Vice President of Customer Support (Jose Rojas) pursuant to their respective employment agreements and achievements of milestones during the quarter ended December 31, 2013. These shares were issued in January of 2014.

On December 31, 2013, we authorized the issuance of 71,429 shares of common stock to a consultant providing public relations services. As of the date of this report the shares have not been issued.

On December 31, 2013, we authorized the issuance of 15,000 shares of common stock to one of our engineers for services performed on our behalf. These shares were issued in January of 2014.

On December 31, 2013, we authorized the issuance of 60,000 shares of common stock to each of our six directors (360,000 shares total) for their services as directors. These shares were issued in January of 2014.

All of the above-described issuances were exempt from registration pursuant to Section 4(2) and/or Regulation D of the Securities Act as transactions not involving a public offering. With respect to each transaction listed above, no general solicitation was made by either the Company or any person acting on its behalf. All such securities issued pursuant to such exemptions are restricted securities as defined in Rule 144(a)(3) promulgated under the Securities Act, appropriate legends have been placed on the documents evidencing the securities, and may not be offered or sold absent registration or pursuant to an exemption therefrom.
 
 
19

 
Subsequent Issuances After Year-End

On February 3, 2014, we authorized the issuance of 325,000 to a consultant providing public relations services. These shares are being held in escrow with our securities counsel and will be released to the consultant in whole or smaller denominations based upon, and in the sole discretion of, our satisfaction of services performed by the consultant during the initial term of its consulting agreement. As of the date of this report no shares have been released to the consultant.

On February 26, 2014, we authorized the issuance of 98,039 shares of common stock to a consultant providing public relations services. As of the date of this report the shares have not been issued.
 
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

We did not repurchase any of our equity securities during the year ended December 31, 2013.
 
Item 6. Selected Financial Data.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our financial statements, including the notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this report.
 
Overview
 
We were incorporated in Nevada on June 8, 2009 as Guardian 6 Corporation.  In August of 2009, we changed our name to Guardian 8 Corporation.  Our principle offices are located in Scottsdale, Arizona.  We were a development stage company from our inception through June 30, 2013, engaged in the design and introduction of a new category of personal security devices, Enhanced Non-Lethal Devices (ENL).  Our product, the Pro V2 incorporates a layered defensive approach to help security professionals and consumers protect themselves against personal attacks, while capturing critical images and audio recordings to defend against personal liability.
 
Effective November 30, 2010 we merged with Global Risk Management & Investigative Solutions (“Global Risk”), a public company, with its common stock registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.  We merged into a newly formed wholly owned subsidiary of Global Risk, with Guardian 8 Corporation being the surviving corporation.  Post merger, Global Risk changed its name to Guardian 8 Holdings.
 
For the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, the Company was consolidated with its wholly-owned subsidiary, Guardian 8 Corporation.  All material intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated.  Beginning July 1, 2013 as product revenues became sustainable, the Company transitioned from reporting as a development stage Entity to an operating entity.  As a result, the financial statements included in this filing have been presented accordingly.
 
Since inception, our team of engineers and executives has been focused on developing and patenting our first commercial product, (the Guardian 8 Pro V2) as well as the key functions that create market differentiation.  We have also been formalizing marketing and manufacturing strategies as well as building customer distribution channels in preparation for our first product launch into the Private Security Market.  

During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company received its first production units assembled by its contract manufacturer and shipped initial revenue totaling $43,619.  Included with these orders was the purchase of $1,650 of revenue associated with the sale of its one-year extended warranty. The Company has deferred this revenue, and is recognizing it over the twelve months covered by the warranty period.

 In 2013, key personnel were hired in the areas of Sales and Operations.  These hires include an experienced Vice President of Customer Service, a lead manufacturing engineer, and a Sales Manager.  We intend to expand our sales and marketing staff, as well as administrative support during the next few months enabling us to reach key customers and shorten the sales cycles.
 
 
20


Critical Accounting Policies

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. In consultation with our Board of Directors, we have identified several accounting principles that we believe are key to the understanding of our financial statements. These important accounting policies require management’s most difficult, subjective judgments.
  
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Net Loss Per Share

We adopted ASC 260, “Earnings Per Share” that requires the reporting of both basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share. Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted earnings (loss) per share reflects the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock. In accordance with ASC 260, any anti-dilutive effects on net income (loss) per share are excluded.
 
Going Concern

Our financial statements are prepared using generally accepted accounting principles applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to locate sources of capital, and attain future profitable operations. Our management is currently initiating their business plan. The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be necessary should we be unable to continue as a going concern.
 
Revenue Recognition
 
It is the Company’s policy that revenues are recognized in accordance with ASC 605-10, “Revenue Recognition”.  The company therefore recognizes revenue from sales of product upon delivery to its customers where the amount is fixed or determinable, and collectability is probable. Cash payments received in advance will be recorded as deferred revenue.   Extended warranties will be recorded as deferred revenue and amortized according to the number of months included in service.  The Company recognized $43,619 in revenues for the year ended December 31, 2013.  There were no revenues for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of December 31, 2013 and 2012. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values. These financial instruments include cash, accounts payable and amounts due to related party.  Fair values were assumed to approximate carrying values because they are short term in nature and their carrying amounts approximate fair values or they are payable on demand.

Income Taxes

The Company follows ASC subtopic 740-10, “Accounting for Income Taxes” for recording the provision for income taxes.  ASC 740-10 requires the use of the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes.  Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are computed based upon the difference between the financial statement and income tax basis of assets and liabilities using the enacted marginal tax rate applicable when the related asset or liability is expected to be realized or settled.  Deferred income tax expenses or benefits are based on the changes in the asset or liability each period.  If available evidence suggests that it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized, a valuation allowance is required to reduce the deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized.  Future changes in such valuation allowance are included in the provision for deferred income taxes in the period of change.
 
Principles of consolidation
 
For the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, the Company was consolidated with its wholly-owned subsidiary, Guardian 8 Corporation.  All material intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated.
 
 
21

 
Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all cash balances in non-interest bearing accounts and money-market accounts. The Company places its temporary cash investments with quality financial institutions.  At times such investments may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limit. The Company does not believe it is exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents. For the purpose of the statements of cash flows, all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less are considered to be cash equivalents.  As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, there were cash equivalents of $305,649 and $41,855 respectively. 

Research and development costs

The Company expenses all costs of research and development as incurred. There are research & development costs included in other general and administrative expenses of $794,663 and $480,150 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 respectively. The Company intends to continue investing in the development of future products, including a new consumer product anticipated for market launch in 2015.

Property and equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost.  Major improvements are charged to the asset accounts while replacements, maintenance and repairs which do not improve or extend the lives of respective assets are expensed.

The Company depreciates its property and equipment for the financial reporting purposes using the straight-line method based on the following useful lives of the assets: 
 
Tooling
10 years
Equipment
2 years
Leasehold improvements
Life of lease
Furniture and fixtures
5 years

Recent Developments
 
We completed the initial design of the first product under development in 2011. We tested these prototypes through a number of different venues and collected feedback and input on suggested design changes. As a result, during the 2012 and 2013 fiscal years, we incorporated significant upgrades and modified the initial design to improve reliability, durability and efficiencies.   An initial run of 120 units of the new designed Pro V2 was produced in the second quarter enabling our Engineers to complete a comprehensive testing protocol to confirm tooling and the assembly processes performed by our contract manufacturer, and to enable our Sales Team to send initial units for customer review.   In late June of 2013, the product was released by our Engineers for production and customer sales.

In March of 2012 we filed with the Depository Trust Company (DTC) for electronic clearing of our common stock, with the assistance of C. K. Cooper & Company and Legent Clearing. We received DTC approval for electronic clearing on May 7, 2012.  Our board of directors intends to file a registration statement on Form S-1 to register 100% of the shares held by stockholders of record sometime in 2014. This is intended to make it easier and more efficient for our stockholders to trade our shares and brokerage firms to accept the shares for deposit.
 
On April 20, 2012, we appointed Kathleen Hanrahan, a current member of our board of directors, to serve as our interim chief financial officer. Ms. Hanrahan has extended the term of her agreement until such time as the Company finds a suitable replacement or, by the end of March of 2014. 
  
On February 7, 2013, we filed a Form 8-A to register our common stock under Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act.  Before this filing we were a voluntarily reporter under the Act and before November of 2010 were considered a “shell” company.  Therefore, our stockholders have been unable to rely on Rule 144 of the Act for the public sale of our securities.  Our stockholders will be able to rely on Rule 144 of the Act following the 90th day from filing of the Form 8-A described above.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, our CEO/president, C. Stephen Cochennet, along with two directors exchanged existing term notes along with accrued interest totaling $648,933 to three new unsecured notes, bearing interest at a rate of 12% per annum, which include a three-year warrant for every $1.00 of principal amount of each note, exercisable at $0.40 per share.

We issued four additional notes payable to related parties, including our CEO, during the month of September, totaling $375,000.  These notes are unsecured, all bear interest at a rate of 12% per annum, and include a three-year warrant for every $1.00 of principal amount of each note, exercisable at $0.40 per share.
 
 
22


Also during the year ended December 31, 2013, we issued a note payable to a non-related party in the amount of $100,000.  This note is unsecured, bears interest at a rate of 12% per annum, and includes a three-year warrant for 100,000 shares of common stock, exercisable at $0.40 per share.

The warrants issued with the note were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and bifurcated out of the note proceeds and recorded as additional paid in capital in the amount of $284,914.  The loan costs are being amortized over the life of the notes, which expire on April 30, 2014.  The balance in prepaid loan costs was $143,302 as of December 31, 2013.  There were no prepaid loan costs as of December 31, 2012.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, we agreed to sell 5,173,750 shares of common stock for $2,069,500, less private placement fees of $312,515.  We also issued 1,143,700 shares of common stock for compensation in the amount of $556,032, 1,039,819 shares of common stock in exchange for services in the amount of $421,016, 360,000 shares of common stock in exchange for director fees totaling $219,960 and had warrants to purchase 312,500 shares of common stock converted through the payment of $51,875 in cash, and a reduction of $35,000 in a related party note payable.
 
We entered into four employment and or consulting contracts, in which employees and consultants of the Company receive vested shares either at set times, or if the Company meets certain criteria in the respective time periods of their contract.  As of December 31, 2013, 1,338,200 common shares vested per these contracts, for a total expense of $640,637.  A total of 548,550 shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, revenue increased over the prior period, as additional production units became available for sale.  We also attended the ASIS conference in September where we initiated our training program and accepted new test and evaluation commitments from industry leaders in the Security market.  These trial units have not been recognized as revenue, but will be recorded as payment is received, or a purchase order documenting collectability is obtained.

On September 13, 2013, we received a Research Report (the “Report”) prepared by Steven Ralston, CFA (the “Analyst”) of Zacks Small-Cap Research. We assisted the Analyst in gathering information for the Report, however, the understanding between us and the Analyst calls for the Analyst to maintain full discretion to report his own opinion about our investment prospects and its desirability for both individual and institutional investors.

In May of 2013, we entered into a service agreement with Zacks Investment Research, Inc. for the distribution of the Zacks Small Cap Research Report and the use of Zacks Advanced Targeting Software, whereby Zacks has licensed us to use the web based software targeting programs owned by Zacks. We agreed to pay Zacks a fee of $18,000 over the twelve month term of the service agreement. Zacks Advanced Targeting Software is used for targeting Institutional Investors / Buy & Sell Side Contact Directories and accessing shareholder data and peer group holdings analysis. 

Results of Operations for Guardian 8 Corporation for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012.
 
               
Increase/
 
   
Year Ended December 31, 2013
   
Year Ended December 31, 2012
   
(Decrease)
 
                   
Revenues
 
$
43,619
   
$
-
   
$
43,619
 
Cost of sales
   
41,102
     
-
     
41,102
 
Gross Profit
   
2,517
     
-
     
2,517
 
Operating Expenses
   
3,553,628
     
1,487,827
     
2,065,801
 
                         
Net (loss) from operations
   
(3,551,111
)
   
(1,487,827
)
   
2,063,284
 
Interest expense
   
(74,053
)
   
(280,623
)
   
 (206,570
)
                         
Net (loss)
 
$
(3,625,164
)
 
$
(1,768,450
)
 
$
1,856,714
 
                         
Net (loss) per share
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.06
)
 
$
0.05
 
Weighted average shares outstanding
   
  34,015,898
     
  28,482,977
         
 
During the year ended December 31, 2013, we shipped our first production units, generating revenue of $43,619, and cost of sales of $41,102.  We did not have revenue in the year ended December 31, 2012.
 
 
23


We generated net losses of $3,625,164 and $1,768,450 for the year ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Our losses include research and development costs related to our Pro V2 device of $794,663 and $480,150 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, as well as general and administrative expenses of $2,758,965 and $1,007,677 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
 
We anticipate continued losses from operations until such time as we generate sufficient revenues to through the sale of our device to cover both our cost of manufacturing, and sales, general and administrative expenditures.
 
Satisfaction of our cash obligations for the next 12 months.
 
Since inception, we have financed cash flow requirements through the issuance of common stock for cash and services, as well as both convertible and non-convertible term notes. From June of 2009 through December 31, 2013, we raised $3,024,485 through the sale of our common stock, $113,625 from the exercise of 371,250 warrants in conjunction with notes payable, and an additional $1,828,433 through the issuance of notes payable, net of $10,000 of principle payments, and the exercise of warrants through a $35,000 reduction in notes payable.  As of December 31, 2013, our cash balance was $305,649. Our plan for satisfying our cash requirements for the next twelve months is through the funds from additional offerings of our common stock, sales of additional convertible notes, third party financings and revenue generated through the sales of our products and training services.  We may not generate sufficient amounts of revenues to meet our working capital requirements. Consequently, we intend to make appropriate plans to ensure sources of additional capital in the future to fund growth and expansion through additional equity or debt financing or credit facilities.
 
As we continue to expand operational activities, we may continue to experience net negative cash flows from operations, pending receipt of revenues from our product sales, and will be required to obtain additional financing to fund operations through common stock offerings and debt borrowings, giving consideration to loans and working diligently to move sales ahead to the extent necessary to provide working capital.
 
We anticipate incurring operating losses over the majority of the next twelve months. Our lack of operating history makes predictions of future operating results difficult to ascertain. Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in their early stage of development. Such risks include, but are not limited to, an evolving and unpredictable business model and the management of growth. To address these risks we must, among other things, implement and successfully execute our business and marketing strategy, continue to develop and upgrade technology and products, respond to competitive developments, and continue to attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing such risks, and the failure to do so can have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
 
As a result of our cash requirements and our lack of significant revenues, we anticipate continuing to issue common stock in exchange for loans and/or equity financing, which may have a substantial dilutive impact on our existing stockholders.

Summary of any product research and development that we will perform for the term of our plan of operation.
 
We expense all costs of research and development as incurred. There are research and development costs included in other general and administrative expenses of $794,663 and $480,150 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. We anticipate expending up to $500,000 on additional significant product research and development for our consumer device, the next program pending on our product road map.
 
In addition to investments in research and development expenditures, we have also retained the services of a patent attorney to assist us with the filing and protection of key utility applications, as well as future technologies to be incorporated in next generation products for the commercial security and consumer markets.  Costs associated with the filing of intellectual property has been capitalized and will be amortized over the 20-year life of the patents when issued.
 
Changes in the number of employees.
 
We have nine full-time employees, C. Stephen Cochennet, Chief Executive Officer, Paul Hughes, Chief Operations Officer, Jose Rojas, Vice President of Customer Support, our lead manufacturing engineer, a sales manager, a customer service representative, two direct sales people, and one administrative support person for Guardian 8 Corporation. We utilize the services of several contract personnel, engineers and other professionals on an as needed basis. We are currently managed by C. Stephen Cochennet, Kathleen Hanrahan and Paul Hughes with the assistance of our board of directors. We look to Mr. Cochennet, Ms. Hanrahan and Mr. Hughes for entrepreneurial, organizational and management skills. We plan to continue to use consultants, legal and patent attorneys, design and mechanical engineers, engineers and accountants as necessary. We intend to continue hiring sales and operations employees in 2014 to facilitate go to market activities. A portion of any employee compensation likely would include direct stock grants, or the right to acquire common stock in the company, which would dilute the ownership interest of holders of existing shares of our common stock.
 
 
24

 
Expected purchase or sale of plant and significant equipment.
 
We anticipate investing significant resources in the purchase of a plant and equipment in the near future; as we will begin to scale production operations throughout 2014.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
Working capital is summarized and compared as follows:
 
   
December 31, 2013
   
December 31, 2012
 
             
Current assets
 
$
832,028
   
$
125,363
 
Current liabilities
   
 1,409,482
     
 284,075
 
(Deficit)
 
$
(577,454
)
 
$
(158,712
 
Changes in cash flows are summarized as follows:
 
We had a net loss of $3,625,164 for the year ended December 31, 2013.  This loss was offset by non-cash items such as stock issued for services of $421,016, stock issued for compensation of $556,032, stock issued for director fees of $219,960, depreciation and amortization of 49,869, the amortization of discount on notes payable of $153,222 and the allowance for bad debts of $952.  We had cash used by the increase in accounts receivable of $4,719, prepaid loan costs of $143,302, prepaid expenses of $112,302, deposits on inventory of $138,262, and the increase in inventory of $45,238.  We had cash provided due to the increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $136,229, deferred revenue of $1,388, increase in accrued interest of $40,120, and the increase in accrued payroll and payroll taxes of $23,737.
 
We had cash used by investing activities of $180,839 for the year ended December 31, 2013 due to the purchase of property and equipment, as well as for patent development.
 
We had cash provided by financing activities of $2,767,793 for the year ended December 31, 2013.  This included proceeds from the sale of common stock of $1,756,985 proceeds from the conversion of warrants of $51,875, proceeds from notes payable to related parties of $858,933, and proceeds from notes payable to unrelated parties of $100,000.
 
We had a net loss of $1,768,450 for the year ended December 31, 2012.  This included non-cash items such as stock issued for services of $152,025, stock issued for compensation of $409,000, depreciation and amortization of $9,897 and the amortization of discounts on notes payable of $257,747.  We had cash used by an increase in prepaid expenses of $19,367.  We had cash provided due to the increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses of $47,198, and by the increase in accrued interest to related parties of $22,876.
 
We had cash used by investing activities of $91,215 for the year ended December 31, 2012, due to the purchase of property and equipment, and the Company’s website.
 
We had cash provided by financing activities of $826,250 for the year ended December 31, 2012.  This included proceeds from the sale of common stock of $202,000, proceeds from warrants exercised of $61,750 and proceeds from notes payable to related parties of $562,500.

As a result, we are in immediate need for additional working capital and are forced to seek additional equity or debt financing to meet our ongoing working capital needs. As we expand our activities, we may, and most likely will, continue to experience net negative cash flows from operations, pending receipt of revenues from product sales. Additionally we anticipate obtaining additional financing to fund operations through common stock offerings, to the extent available, or to obtain additional financing through either convertible or non-convertible notes payable, to the extent necessary to augment our working capital. We are also evaluating sources of inventory financing that may be available once orders for our product are received.

We anticipate that we will incur operating losses in the next twelve months.  Our lack of operating history makes predictions of future operating results difficult to ascertain.  Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in their early stage of development, particularly companies in new and rapidly evolving markets.  Such risks for us include, but are not limited to, an evolving and unpredictable business model and the management of growth.  To address these risks, we must, among other things, obtain a customer base, implement and successfully execute our business and marketing strategy, continually develop and upgrade our product, respond to competitive developments, and attract, retain and motivate qualified personnel.  There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing such risks, and the failure to do so can have a material adverse effect on our business prospects, financial condition and results of operations.
 
 
25

 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results or operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors. 

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk.
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
 
Management Responsibility for Financial Information

We are responsible for the preparation, integrity and fair presentation of our financial statements and the other information that appears in this annual report on Form 10-K. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States and include estimates based on our best judgment.
 
We maintain a system of internal controls and procedures designed to provide reasonable assurance, at an appropriate cost-benefit relationship, that our financial information is accurate and reliable, our assets are safeguarded and our transactions are executed in accordance with established procedures.

L.L. Bradford & Company, LLC, an independent registered public accounting firm, is retained to audit our consolidated financial statements. Its accompanying report is based on audits conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).

Our entire board of directors meets with our management and the independent registered public accounting firm to ensure that each is properly fulfilling its responsibilities. The board of directors oversees our systems of internal control, accounting practices, financial reporting and audits to ensure their quality, integrity and objectivity are sufficient to protect shareholders’ investments.
 
Index to Financial Statements
 
 
Page
F-1
2012 Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm F-2
F-3
F-4
F-5
F-6
F-7
 
 
26

 
2013 Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 
Stockholders and Directors
Guardian 8 Holdings
Scottsdale AZ

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheet of Guardian 8 Holdings as of December 31, 2013 and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2013.  These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.
 
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatements.  The company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Guardian 8 Holdings as of December 31, 2013 and the consolidated results of its operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for year ended December 31, 2013 in conformity accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered losses from operations since its inception.  This raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2.  The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
 

 
/s/ L. L. Bradford and Company, LLC
 
Leawood Kansas
 
March 28, 2014
 
 
F-1

 
2012 Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders
Guardian 8 Holdings
Scottsdale, Arizona

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

We have audited the consolidated balance sheet of Guardian 8 Holdings as of December 31, 2012 and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended, and for the period from June 8, 2009 (inception) to December 31, 2012.  Guardian 8 Holdings’ management is responsible for these financial statements.  Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States).  Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement.  The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting.  Our audit included consideration of internal control over financial reporting as a basis for designing audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.  Accordingly, we express no such opinion.  Our audit of the financial statements includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation.  We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Guardian 8 Holdings as of December 31, 2012 and the results of its consolidated operations, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for the year then ended and the period from June 8, 2009 (inception) to December 31, 2012 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 2 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered losses from operations and has experienced no revenues to date.  These factors raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  Management’s plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 2.  The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.



/s/ Weaver, Martin & Samyn, LLC
Kansas City, Missouri
March 28, 2013
 
 
F-2

 
Guardian 8 Holdings
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
Assets
           
             
Current assets:
           
Cash
 
$
305,649
   
$
41,855
 
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of
$952 and $0 as of December 31, 2013 and 2012
   
3,767
     
-
 
Prepaid loan costs
   
143,302
     
-
 
Prepaid expenses, other
   
195,810
     
83,508
 
Deposits on inventory
   
138,262
     
-
 
Inventory
               
Finished goods
   
41,022
     
-
 
Finished goods on consignment
   
4,216
     
-
 
Total current assets
   
832,028
     
125,363
 
                 
Fixed assets, net of accumulated depreciation of $41,931 and $918
as of December 31, 2013 and 2012
   
220,652
     
90,297
 
                 
Website, net of accumulated amortization of $18,226 and $10,415
as of December 31, 2013 and 2012
   
5,207
     
13,019
 
                 
Patent, net of accumulation amortization of $3,547 and $2,502
as of December 31, 2013 and 2012
   
16,310
     
7,883
 
                 
Total assets
 
$
1,074,197
   
$
236,562
 
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit
               
                 
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
$
218,266
   
$
82,037
 
Deferred revenue
   
1,388
     
-
 
Accrued payroll expenses
   
23,737
     
-
 
Accrued interest
               
Related
   
39,133
     
2,038
 
Unrelated
   
3,025
     
-
 
Notes payable
               
Related
   
1,023,933
     
200,000
 
Unrelated
   
100,000
     
-
 
Total current liabilities
   
1,409,482
     
284,075
 
                 
Stockholders’ deficit:
               
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares
authorized, no shares issued and outstanding
   
-
     
-
 
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares
Authorized; issued and outstanding of 37,274,292 and 30,874,508
At December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively
   
37,273
     
30,874
 
Common stock owed but not issued: 2,855,979 and 1,225,994
at December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively
   
2,856
     
 1,226
 
Paid in capital
   
6,629,143
     
3,299,780
 
Accumulated deficit
   
( 7,004,557
)
   
(3,379,393
)
Total stockholders’ deficit
   
(335,285
)
   
(47,513
)
                 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit
 
$
1,074,197
   
$
236,562
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-3


GUARDIAN 8 HOLDINGS
Consolidated Statement of Operations
 
             
   
For the Year Ended
   
For the Year Ended
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
             
Revenues
 
$
43,619
   
$
-
 
Cost of sales
   
41,102
     
-
 
Gross profit
   
2,517
     
-
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
49,869
     
9,897
 
General and administrative expenses
   
3,503,759
     
1,477,930
 
Total operating expenses 
   
3,553,628
     
1,487,827
 
Loss from operations
   
(3,551,111
)
   
(1,487,827
)
                 
Other (expense):
               
Interest Expense
   
(74,053
)
   
(280,623
)
                 
Loss before income tax
   
(3,625,164
)
   
(1,768,450
)
Provision for Income tax expense
   
 -
     
 -
 
Net loss
 
$
(3,625,164
)
 
$
(1,768,450
)
                 
                 
Net loss per share - basic and diluted
 
$
(0.11
)
 
$
(0.06
)
                 
Weighted average shares outstanding - basic and diluted
   
34,015,898
     
28,482,977
 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-4

 
Guardian 8 Holdings
Consolidated Statement of Stockholders’ Equity
 For the Years Ended December 31, 2013 and 2012
 
                               
   
Common Stock Issued
   
Common Stock Owed but Not Issued
   
Paid in
   
Accumulated
   
Total Stockholders’
 
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Shares
   
Amount
   
Capital
   
Deficit
   
Equity
 
                                           
Balance, January 1, 2012
   
27,412,318
   
$
27,412
   
$
-
     
-
   
$
1,560,123
   
$
(1,610,943
)
 
$
(23,408
)
                                                         
Common stock issued for compensation
   
330,000
     
330
     
800,000
     
800
     
407,870
     
-
     
409,000
 
Common stock issued for services
   
145,000
     
145
     
180,000
     
180
     
151,700
     
-
     
152,025
 
Common stock sold for cash
   
392,500
     
393
     
112,500
     
113
     
201,494
     
-
     
202,000
 
Exercise of warrants into common stock
   
247,000
     
247
     
-
     
-
     
61,503
     
-
     
61,750
 
Discounts on notes payable
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
226,422
     
-
     
226,422
 
Conversion of notes payable and interest
  into common stock
   
3,107,690
     
3,107
     
 
133,494
     
 
133
     
689,908
     
-
     
693,148
 
Common stock cancelled
   
(760,000
)
   
(760
)
   
-
     
-
     
760
     
-
     
-
 
Net loss for year
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(1,768,450
)
   
(1,768,450
)
Balance, December 31, 2012
   
30,874,508
     
30,874
     
1,225,994
     
1,226
     
3,299,780
     
(3,379,393
)
   
(47,513
)
                                                         
Common stock previously owed
   
1,225,994
     
1,226
     
(1,225,994
)
   
(1,226
)
   
-
     
-
     
-
 
Common stock issued for compensation
   
478,400
     
478
     
665,300
     
665
     
554,889
     
-
     
556,032
 
Common stock issued for services
   
745,390
     
745
     
294,429
     
294
     
419,977
             
421,016
 
Common stock issued for director fees
   
-
     
-
     
360,000
     
360
     
219,600
     
-
     
219,960
 
Common stock sold for cash
   
3,700,000
     
3,700
     
1,473,750
     
1,474
     
2,064,326
     
-
     
2,069,500
 
Exercise of warrants
   
250,000
     
250
     
62,500
     
63
     
86,562
     
  -
     
86,875
 
Discounts on notes payable
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
296,524
     
-
     
296,524
 
Private placement fees
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(312,515
)
   
-
     
(312,515
)
Net loss for the year
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
     
(3,625,164
)
   
(3,625,164
)
Balance December 31, 2013
   
37,274,292
   
$
37,273
     
2,855,979
   
$
2,856
   
$
6,629,143
   
$
(7,004,557
)
 
$
(335,285
)
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-5

 
Guardian 8 Holdings
Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
 
             
   
For the Year Ended
   
For the Year Ended
 
   
December 31,
   
December 31,
 
   
2013
   
2012
 
             
Cash flows from operating activities:
           
Net loss
 
$
(3,625,164
)
 
$
(1,768,450
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash from operating activities:
               
Stock issued for services
   
421,016
     
152,025
 
Stock issued for compensation
   
556,032
     
409,000
 
Stock issued for director fees
   
219,960
     
-
 
Depreciation and amortization
   
49,869
     
9,897
 
Amortization of discount on notes payable
   
153,222
     
257,747
 
Allowance for doubtful accounts
   
952
     
-
 
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
   
(4,719
)
   
-
 
Prepaid expenses
   
(112,302
)
   
(19,367)
 
Deposits on inventory
   
(138,262
)
   
-
 
Inventory
   
(45,238
)
   
-
 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
136,229
     
47,198
 
Deferred revenue
   
1,388
     
-
 
Accrued interest
   
40,120
     
22,876
 
Accrued payroll expenses
   
23,737
     
-
 
Cash flows from operating activities
   
(2,323,160
)
   
(889,074
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Purchase of property and equipment
   
(180,839
)
   
(91,215
)
Cash flows from investing activities
   
(180,839
)
   
(91,215
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Proceeds from common stock sales, net of private placement fees
   
1,756,985
     
202,000
 
Proceeds from warrant exercises
   
51,875
     
61,750
 
Proceeds from notes payable, related party
   
858,933
     
562,500
 
Proceeds from notes payable, unrelated
   
100,000
     
-
 
Cash flows from financing activities
   
2,767,793
     
826,250
 
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
   
263,794
     
(154,039
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
   
41,855
     
195,894
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
 
$
305,649
   
$
41,855
 
                 
Supplemental cash flow information:
               
Interest paid
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
Income taxes paid
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
Stock issued for services
 
$
421,016
   
$
152,025
 
Number of shares issued for services
   
1,039,819
     
325,000
 
Stock issued for compensation
 
$
556,032
   
$
409,000
 
Number of shares issued for compensation
   
1,143,700
     
1,130,000
 
Stock issued for director fees
 
$
219,960
     
-
 
Number of shares issued for director fees
   
360,000
     
-
 
Exercise of warrants with a reduction in a note payable
 
$
35,000
   
$
693,148
 
Number of shares issued for a warrant exercise with a reduction of a note payable
   
100,000
     
3,241,184
 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
F-6

 
Guardian 8 Holdings
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1 - Company Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Organization

Guardian 8 Corporation (“Guardian 8”) was incorporated in Nevada on June 8, 2009 as Guardian 6 Corporation.  In August of 2009, the Company changed its name to Guardian 8 Corporation.  The Company’s principle offices are located in Scottsdale, Arizona.
 
Effective November 30, 2010, we merged with Global Risk Management & Investigative Solutions (“Global Risk”), a public company with its common stock registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.  The Company merged into a newly formed wholly owned subsidiary of Global Risk, with the Company being the surviving corporation.  Post merger, Global Risk changed its name to Guardian 8 Holdings.
 
Basis of presentation
 
Effective July 1, 2013 the Company transitioned from reporting as a development stage entity to an operating entity as revenues became sustainable with product sales.
 
Principles of consolidation
 
For the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, the Company was consolidated with its wholly-owned subsidiary, Guardian 8 Corporation.  All material intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated.
 
Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include all cash balances in non-interest bearing accounts and money-market accounts. The Company places its temporary cash investments with quality financial institutions.  At times such investments may be in excess of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limit. The Company does not believe it is exposed to any significant credit risk on cash and cash equivalents. For the purpose of the statements of cash flows, all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less are considered to be cash equivalents.  As of December 31, 2013 and 2012, there were cash equivalents of $305,649 and $41,855 respectively. 

Revenue recognition

It is the Company’s policy that revenues are recognized in accordance with ASC subtopic 605-10, “Revenue Recognition”.  The company therefore recognizes revenue from sales of product upon delivery to its customers where the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectability is probable. Cash payments received in advance are recorded as deferred revenue.  Extended warranties are recorded as deferred revenue and amortized according to the number of months in service.  Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $43,619.  There were no revenues for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Warranty

The Company offers a 90-day limited warranty on its core product with an opportunity to upgrade to a one year limited warranty (for a fee) on the device.  These fees are intended to cover the handling and repair costs and include a profit.  One year extended warranties that provide additional coverage beyond the limited warranty are offered for specified fees. Revenue derived from the sale of extended warranties are deferred and amortized over the duration of the warranty period.  During the year ended December 31, 2013 the, Company recorded $1,388 as deferred revenue, and had related warranty expense of $2,120.  There was no deferred revenue or warranty expensed during the year ended December 31, 2012.
 
Research and development costs

The Company expenses all costs of research and development as incurred. There are research & development expenses included in general and administrative expenses totaling $794,663 and $480,150 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 respectively. 
 
 
F-7


Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Property and equipment

Property and equipment are stated at cost.  Major improvements are charged to the asset accounts while replacements, maintenance and repairs which do not improve or extend the lives of respective assets are expensed.

The Company depreciates its property and equipment for the financial reporting purposes using the straight-line method based on the following useful lives of the assets: 
 
Tooling
10 years
Equipment
2 years
Leasehold improvements
Life of lease
Furniture and fixtures
5 years
                                                      
Fair value of financial instruments

Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of December 31, 2013 and 2012. The respective carrying value of certain on-balance-sheet financial instruments approximated their fair values. These financial instruments include cash, accounts payable and amounts due to related party.  Fair values were assumed to approximate carrying values because they are short term in nature and their carrying amounts approximate fair values or they are payable on demand.  See Note 11 for further details.

Impairment of long-lived assets

ASC 360, “Accounting for the Impairment of Long-Lived Assets to be Disposed Of”, requires that long-lived assets be reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the historical cost-carrying value of an asset may no longer be appropriate.  The Company assesses recoverability of the carrying value of an asset by estimating the future new cash flows expected to result from the asset, including eventual disposition.  If the future net cash flows are less than the carrying value of the asset, an impairment loss is recorded equal to the difference between the asset’s carrying value and fair value.  The Company did not have any impaired assets for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012. 
 
Net loss per share

Net Loss per share is provided in accordance with ASC 260-10, “Earnings Per Share” that requires the reporting of both basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share.  Basic earnings (loss) per share is computed by dividing the earnings (loss) available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period.  Diluted earnings (loss) per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.  In accordance with ASC 260-10, any anti-dilutive effects on net income (loss) per share are excluded.  For the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, the denominator in the diluted earnings per share computation is the same as the denominator for basic earnings per share due to the anti-dilutive effect of the warrants on the Company’s net loss.  Diluted earnings (loss) per share is not presented since the effect of the assumed conversion of warrants would have an anti-dilutive effect. Potential common shares as of December 31, 2013 that have been excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share amounted to 12,938,558 from warrants. Potential common shares as of December 31, 2012 that have been excluded from the computation of net loss per share amounted to 1,432,500 from warrants.
 
Income taxes
 
The Company follows ASC subtopic 740-10, “Accounting for Income Taxes”, for recording the provision for income taxes.  ASC 740-10 requires the use of the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes.  Under the asset and liability method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are computed based upon the difference between the financial statement and income tax basis of assets and liabilities using the enacted marginal tax rate applicable when the related asset or liability is expected to be realized or settled.  Deferred income tax expenses or benefits are based on the changes in the asset or liability each period.  If available evidence suggests that it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized, a valuation allowance is required to reduce the deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized.  Future changes in such valuation allowance are included in the provision for deferred income taxes in the period of change.  See Note 12 for further details.
 
 
F-8

 
Recent pronouncements

The Company has evaluated all new accounting pronouncements as of the issue date of these financial statements and has determined that none have or will have a material impact on the financial statements or disclosures.

Note 2 - Going Concern

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and under the assumption that the Company will continue as a going concern, which contemplates the recoverability of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business.  As of December 31, 2013, the Company has an accumulated deficit of $7,004,557, and the Company’s current liabilities exceed current assets by $577,454.
 
The Company’s activities since inception have been financially sustained by issuance of common stock and related party loans. The Company intends to raise additional funding to continue its operations through contributions from the current shareholders and stock issuance to other investors and to obtain a bank line of credit.
 
The ability of the Company to continue as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to raise additional capital from the sale of common stock and, ultimately, the achievement of significant operating revenues.  The accompanying financial statements do not include any adjustments that might be required should the Company be unable to recover the value of its assets or satisfy its liabilities.

Note 3 - Prepaid loan costs

During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company issued notes payable that include a three-year warrant for each $1.00 of principal covered in the notes.   The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share (See Note 6).  The warrants issued were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and bifurcated out of the note proceeds and recorded as additional paid in capital in the amount of $284,914.  The loan costs are being amortized over the life of the notes, which expire on April 30, 2014.  The balance in prepaid loan costs was $143,302 as of December 31, 2013.  There were no prepaid loan costs as of December 31, 2012.

Note 4 - Property and equipment

Property and equipment consists of the following:
 
   
December 31,
2013
   
December 31,
2012
 
Equipment
 
$
96,379
   
$
-
 
Tooling
   
127,436
     
86,210
 
Leasehold Improvements
   
6,007
     
-
 
Furniture and fixtures
   
32,761
     
5,005
 
     
262,583
     
91,215
 
Less accumulated depreciation
   
41,931
     
918
 
   
$
220,652
   
$
90,297
 
 
As of December 31, 2013, all tooling was complete and placed into service.  
 
Note 5 - Deposit on Inventory

As of December 31, 2013, the Company has paid $138,262 for deposits on inventory of its finished personal security devices.  The company has a total commitment of $47,561 for future inventory payments.
 
 
F-9

 
Note 6 - Notes payable

In October of 2011, the Company received $100,000 from a related party to issue a convertible note payable, bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, and maturing in April of 2012.  The note was not secured and was convertible into common stock at $0.35 per share that was the market value on the day the note was executed.  With the note, the Company issued 100,000 warrants to purchase common shares of the Company. The warrants have a term of three years and a strike price of $0.35 per share.  The warrants issued with the note were valued using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing Model and bifurcated out of the note proceeds and recorded as additional paid in capital in the amount of $25,172.  A discount on the note payable was recorded in the same amount and is being amortized into interest expense over the six-month life of the note using the interest method.  For the year ended December 31, 2011, $10,926 was amortized into interest expense and the remaining discount was $14,246 as of December 31, 2011.  For the year ended December 31, 2012, an additional $14,246 was amortized into interest expense and the remaining discount was $0 as of December 31, 2012.  In April of 2012, as noted below in Note 8, this note and the related accrued interest were converted into shares of common stock at a rate of $0.35 per share.

In December of 2011, the Company received $207,000 from various related parties to issue convertible note payables, bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, and maturing in June of 2012.  The notes were not secured and were convertible into common stock at $0.20 per share.  The market value on the day the notes were executed was $0.105.  With the notes, the Company issued 207,000 warrants to purchase common shares of the Company. The warrants have a term of three years and a strike price of $0.25 per share.  The warrants issued with the note were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and bifurcated out of the note proceeds and recorded as additional paid in capital in the amount of $18,613.  A discount on the note payable was recorded in the same amount and is being amortized into interest expense over the six-month life of the note using the interest method.  For the year ended December 31, 2011, $1,534 was amortized into interest expense and the remaining discount was $17,079 as of December 31, 2011. For the year ended December 31, 2012, an additional $17,079 was amortized into interest expense and the remaining discount was $0 as of December 31, 2012.  In 2013, as noted below and in Note 8, all the notes except one ($25,000) and the related accrued interest were converted into shares of common stock at a rate of $0.20 per share.   The remaining note and related accrued interest were converted in August of 2012 at a rate of $0.20 per share.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company received $362,500 from various related parties to issue convertible note payables, bearing interest at a rate of 10% per annum, and maturing at various times from July of 2012 to September of 2012.  The notes are not secured and are convertible into common stock at $0.20 per share.  The market value on the day the notes were executed ranged from $0.40 to $0.50.  With the notes, the Company issued 362,500 warrants to purchase common shares of the Company. The warrants have a term of three years and a strike price of $0.25 per share.  The warrants issued with the note were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model and bifurcated out of the note proceeds and recorded as additional paid in capital in the amount of $226,422.  A discount on the note payable was recorded in the same amount and is being amortized into interest expense over the six-month life of the note using the interest method.  As noted below and in Note 8, all of the notes were converted to common stock in June of 2013.  $226,422 of the discount was amortized into interest expense during the year ended December 31, 2012 and the remaining discount was $0 as of December 31, 2012.

As noted above, during the year ended December 31, 2012, a total of $669,500 of notes payable and $23,648 of related accrued interest was converted into 3,241,184 shares of common stock.  Of those shares, 133,494 shares were issued during the first quarter of 2013.

On November 13, 2012, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $100,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at a rate of 12% and was due on September 1, 2013.

On December 10, 2012, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $50,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at a rate of 12% and was due on September 1, 2013. 

On December 28, 2012, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $50,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at a rate of 12% and was due on September 1, 2013.

On January 24, 2013, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $50,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum and was payable on September 1, 2013.
 
On March 6, 2013, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $100,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum and was payable on September 1, 2013.

On March 6, 2013, the Company received $50,000 from a director of the Company in the form of an unsecured 90-day promissory note.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum and was payable on September 1, 2013.

On March 26, 2013, the Company received $50,000 from a director of the Company in the form of an unsecured 90-day promissory note.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum and was payable on September 1, 2013.
 
 
F-10


On August 12, 2013, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $50,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum and was payable on November 30, 2013.

On August 26, 2013, 2013, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $150,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum and was payable on November 30, 2013.
 
On September 1, 2013, the Company had a total of $615,000 of the original $650,000 in notes payable outstanding to its CEO and directors, with an additional $33,933 owed in accrued interest.  This debt, previously due on September 1, 2013 through November 30, 2013, was exchanged for three new unsecured notes payable totaling $648,933 as detailed in the table below.  Each of these notes matures on April 30, 2014, bear interest at 12% per annum, and include a three-year warrant for every $1.00 of principal amount of each note.  The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share.
 
Issue Date
 
Interest Rate
   
Current Due Date
 
Amount
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
 
$
543,300
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
52,983
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
52,650
 
Total
           
$
648,933
 
 
On September 1, 2013 the Company received a note payable in the amount of $45,000 from a related party in exchange for outstanding invoices owed for engineering services provided in the first nine months of the year.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12% per annum, is payable on April 30, 2014, and includes a three-year warrant for each $1.00 of principal included in the note.  The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share.

On September 18, 2013, the Company received a note payable from the CEO and president of the Company in the amount of $50,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12%, is payable on April 30, 2014, and includes a three-year warrant for each $1.00 of principal included in the note.  The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share.

On September 19, 2013, the Company issued a note payable from a related party in the amount of $30,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12%, is payable on April 30, 2014, and includes a three-year warrant for each $1.00 of principal included in the note.  The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share.

On September 19, 2013, the Company issued a note payable from a related party in the amount of $250,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12%, is payable on April 30, 2014, and includes a three-year warrant for each $1.00 of principal included in the note.  The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share.

On September 30, 2013, the Company received a note payable in the amount of $100,000.  The note is unsecured, bears interest at 12%, is payable on April 30, 2014, and includes a three-year warrant for each of $1.00 of principal included in the note.   The warrants are exercisable at $0.40 per share.

As of December 31, 2013, the Company has notes payable of $1,123,933 and accrued interest of $42,158.   All amounts are due within the next year.  The Company also recognized $296,524 of expense associated with the convertible features of the notes payable issued during the year ended December 31, 2013.

Total interest expense on notes payable was $74,053 and $280,623 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The following summarizes the outstanding unsecured notes payable as of December 31, 2013:

Issue Date
 
Interest Rate
   
Current Due Date
 
Amount
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
 
$
543,300
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
52,983
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
52,650
 
September 1, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
45,000
 
September 18, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
50,000
 
September 19, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
30,000
 
September 19, 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
250,000
 
September 30. 2013
   
12.0
%
 
April 30, 2014
   
100,000
 
Total
           
$
1,123,933
 

 
F-11

 
Note 7 - Patents

In June of 2009, concurrent with the Company’s incorporation, one of its officers and directors, agreed to transfer all rights, title and interest in the patent he held for a personal security device. The cost of the patent is being amortized over the 20-year life of the patent.

The Company hired a patent attorney specializing in products for the security industry to assist in filing additional utility and technology patents for its new enhanced non-lethal products.  As of December 31, 2013, the costs paid to this attorney for the filings, drawings, and research totaled $9,472.  These costs have been capitalized and will be amortized over the 20-year life of the patents once issued and placed into service.
 
Note 8 - Stockholders’ equity

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company authorized a total of 1,130,000 shares of common stock for compensation.  180,000 shares were issued to the board of directors, at the market price of $0.40, for a total expense of $72,000.  150,000 were issued to an employee, at the market price of $0.20, for a total expense of $30,000.  500,000 shares were authorized as a bonus to an officer/board member.  These shares were valued at the market price of $0.35 for a total expense of $175,000.  The final 300,000 shares are discussed in the next paragraph.  As of December 31, 2012, 500,000 shares had not been issued and were subsequently issued in the first quarter of 2013.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company agreed to issue 300,000 shares of common stock in relation to compensation for a consulting agreement.  The shares were valued at $132,000, which was the fair market value on the date the agreement was signed and set up as a prepaid asset that is being amortized over the one-year life of the agreement.  As of December 31, 2013, the entire amount had been expensed.   These shares were issued in the first quarter of 2013.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company authorized the issuance of 325,000 shares of common stock in exchange for services.  The shares were valued at the market price at the date of authorization for a total expense of $152,025.  145,000 shares were issued as of December 31, 2012, and 180,000 were issued in the first quarter of 2013.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company agreed to sell 505,000 shares of common stock for total proceeds of $202,000.  The shares were sold for $0.40 each and came with two warrants.  The Class A warrants have an exercise price of $0.55 and a term of three years.  The Class B warrants have an exercise price of $0.75 and a term of five years.  392,500 of the shares sold were issued as of December 31, 2012 and 112,500 shares were issued in the first quarter of 2013.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company received $61,750 for the exercise of 247,000 warrants at $0.25 each.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company converted $669,500 of notes payable and $23,648 of related accrued interest into 3,241,184 shares of common stock.  3,107,690 of these shares had been issued as of December 31, 2012, and 133,494 were issued in the first quarter of 2013.
 
During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company reached a settlement with a former contractor, whereby the contractor surrendered 700,000 shares of common stock for cancellation.  The Contractor had received the shares in prior periods for services to be rendered.  The Company felt that the services had not been rendered and the settlement was reached.  The Company has cancelled the shares.  During the same period, the Company issued 60,000 shares to a consultant in error.  These shares were subsequently cancelled in 2012.
 
As of December 31, 2012, there were 30,874,508 common shares issued and outstanding, 1,225,994 common shares owed but not issued, and no preferred shares issued.  As of March 31, 2013, all of these shares were issued to their respective parties.

During the quarter ended March 31, 2013, three employees vested shares of common stock in accordance with their employment agreements (see Note 13).  The first was the CEO/Director, vesting 150,000 shares of common stock, which were valued at market price of $54,000.  The other two issuances were for the Company’s Chief Operating Officer and Vice President of Customer Service, both of which achieved milestones predicated by their employment agreements.  The total number of shares vested for these two officers totaled 89,200 shares of common stock that were valued at market price of $37,464.
 
On January 23, 2013, the Company authorized the issuance of 330,000 shares of common stock in exchange for services, 180,000 of these shares were earned and expensed in the year ended December 31, 2012.  The remaining 150,000 shares were valued at the market price at the date of authorization for a total expense of $58,500.
 
 
F-12

 
On January 23, 2013, the Company conducted the third and final closing under a private placement offering, selling 225,000 units for $90,000 ($45,000 and 112,500 shares of which was received and accounted for in the year ended December 31, 2012).  The shares were sold for $0.40 each and came with two warrants.  The Class A warrants have an exercise price of $0.55 and a term of three years.  The Class B warrants have an exercise price of $0.75 and a term of five years.  All of the shares sold were issued as of December 31, 2013.

On March 6, 2013, the Company issued 10,000 shares of restricted common stock for $4,000 to a consultant.

On March 19, 2013, the Company conducted the first closing under a private placement offering selling 750,000 units for $300,000 to three accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid Finance 500, Inc., a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $39,000 and is obligated to issue 112,500 warrants to Finance 500. Each warrant will entitle Finance 500, or its assignees, to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at $0.40 per share for ten years. The Company also incurred $46,121 of expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $253,879.

On April 30, 2013 the Company completed a closing under a private placement offering selling 187,500 units for $75,000 to three accredited investors.  Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for a $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share.  In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid selling commissions to a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering in the amount of $9,750.  The Company incurred $11,324 of total expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $63,675, and is obligated to issue 28,125 warrants to the registered broker in association with the sale.

On April 30, 2013 the Company issued 12,500 shares of common stock for cash in the amount of $5,000.

On May 6, 2013, the Company conducted a closing under a private placement offering selling 625,000 units for $250,000 to an accredited investor.  Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one fie year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share.  In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid selling commissions to registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering in the amount of $32,500.  The Company incurred $36,214 of total expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $213,786 and is obligated to issue 93,750 warrants to the registered broker in association with this sale.

On May 15, 2013, the Company entered into an amendment with its investment banking firm to reduce the warrants payable to the firm by 30,000.

On June 12, 2013, the Company conducted a closing under a private placement offering selling 437,500 units for $175,000 to four accredited investors.  Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share.  In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid selling commissions to a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering in the amount of $22,750.  The Company incurred $31,558 of total expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $143,442 and is obligated to issue 65,625 warrants to the registered broker in association with this sale.

On June 30, 2013 employees vested 325,700 shares of common stock.  The value of the stock was $114,039 and the 325,700 shares were issued in the third quarter of 2013.  See Note 13 for further details.

On July 16, 2013, the Company issued a five-year warrant to purchase 22,000 shares of common stock at $0.40 per share for the second month of services under an Investor Relations Letter of Engagement. The warrant was valued at $6,300.

On July 30, 2013, the Company entered into two agreements with independent contractors to deliver a training course for their product.  As part of the agreement, the Company will issue each contractor 19,445 shares of its common stock, with a value of $7,778 for each of their services, totaling 38,890 shares of its common stock, with a value of $15,556 which were expensed during the third quarter of 2013.

On July 30, 2013, the Company conducted a closing under a private placement offering selling 187,500 units for $75,000 to three accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $9,750 and is obligated to issue 28,125 warrants to registered broker. Each warrant will entitle registered broker, or its assignees, to purchase one share of the Company’s common stock at $0.40 per share for ten years. The Company also incurred $25,659 of expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $49,341.

On August 12, 2013, the CEO agreed to convert $35,000 of his notes payable into 100,000 shares of common stock, with a value of $35,000 by exercising his warrants.  These shares were issued in the fourth quarter of 2013.
 
 
F-13


On August 29, 2013, the Company authorized and issued 225,000 shares of common stock with a value of $67,500 to a director and engineer for services performed for the Company.

On August 29, 2013, the Company authorized and issued 17,500 shares of common stock with a value of $6,125 to an employee.

On August 30, 2013 the Company issued 150,000 shares of common stock, valued at $0.25 per share, upon exercise of a warrant form and receipt of $37,500 from a current stockholder.

On August 30, 2013, the Company issued 142,000 shares of common stock, valued at $41,194, for public and investor relation services pursuant to an agreement dated August 26, 2013.

On August 30, 2013, the Company issued a five-year warrant to purchase 22,000 shares of common stock at $0.40 per share for the third and final month of services under an Investor Relations Letter of Engagement.  The warrant was valued at $5,311.

On September 23, 2013, the Company issued 31,500 shares of common stock, valued at $11,009 to a consultant for services per a signed contract.  The shares were issued at $0.3495 per share.

On September 30, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 150,000 shares of common stock, valued at $66,000 to its CEO pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On September 30, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 104,000 shares of common stock, valued at $45,760 shares to its Interim CFO pursuant to the terms of her consulting agreement.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On September 30, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 31,500 shares of common stock, valued at $13,388, to a consultant for services per a signed contract.  

During the three months ended September 30, 2013, in connection with the issuance of new promissory notes, the Company issued 1,023,935 three year warrants for the purchase of shares of its common stock for $0.40 per share.

On October 1, 2013, the Company sold 250,000 shares of common stock with an aggregate value of $100,000.  Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share.

On October 10, 2013, the Company sold 100,000 shares of common stock with an aggregate value of $40,000.  Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On October 25, 2013, the Company conducted a closing under a private placement offering selling 787,500 units for $315,000 to eleven accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $40,950. The Company also incurred $8,774 of expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $265,276.

On October 29, 2013, two investors exercised 57,500 warrants to purchase common stock with total cash payments of $14,375.

On November 12, 2013, the Company conducted a closing under a private placement offering selling 1,373,750 units for $549,500 to three accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $71,435. The Company also incurred $2,314 of expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $475,751.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.
 
 
F-14


On November 20, 2013, the Company conducted a closing under a private placement offering selling 362,500 units for $145,000 to five accredited investors. Each unit consists of one share of common stock, one three year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.55 per share and one five year warrant to purchase one share of common stock for $0.75 per share. In connection with the sale of these units, the Company paid a registered broker/dealer and managing dealer for the offering, selling commissions in the amount of $18,850. The Company also incurred $2,650 of expenses associated with this offering, for a net amount of $123,500.

On November 26, 2013, the Company issued 71,429 shares of common stock, valued at $50,000 for public and investor relation services pursuant to an agreement dated August 26, 2013.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company issued 15,000 shares of common stock for engineering assistance with the Company’s security device.  The services were valued at $9,165.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company issued 360,000 shares of its common stock to its six directors for director fees.  The services were valued at $219,960.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company issued 100,000 shares of its common stock to its CEO as a bonus for services performed for the Corporation.  These shares were valued at $61,100.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 150,000 shares of common stock, valued at $91,650 to its CEO pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 104,000 shares of common stock, valued at $63,544 to its Interim CFO pursuant to the terms of her consulting agreement.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 212,500 shares of common stock, valued at $129,838 to its COO pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

On December 31, 2013, the Company authorized and recognized the expense for the issuance of 52,800 shares of common stock, valued at $32,261 to its VP of Customer Support pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement.  These shares were owed but not issued as of December 31, 2013.

As of December 31, 2013, there were 37,274,292 common shares issued and outstanding, 2,855,979 common shares owed but not issued, and no preferred shares issued.
 
Note 9 - Options and warrants

Options

As of December 31, 2013 and 2012 there are no outstanding options.
 
Warrants

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company issued 1,372,500 warrants to purchase common stock. The warrants were issued relating to notes payable proceeds and the sale of common stock as noted in Notes 6 and 8. All have a term between three and five years and a strike price of $0.25 to $0.75.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, 247,000 warrants were exercised at a strike price of $0.25 per warrant, with proceeds recorded to common stock and additional paid in capital.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, 307,500 warrants were exercised at a strike price between $0.25 and $0.40 per warrant.

During the year ended December 31, 2013, 30,000 warrants previously committed to the Company’s investment banking firm were cancelled.
 
 
F-15


During the year ended December 31, 2013, the Company issued 10,347,500 warrants to purchase common stock relating to the sale of units as noted in Note 8.  All warrants have a term between three and five years and a strike price ranging from $0.55 to $0.75. In connection with the sale of unit the Company issued warrants as private placement fees.  The amount of warrants issued were 328,125 later reduced by 30,000 warrants for a total amount issued of 298,125.  These warrants have an exercise price of $.40 per share and have a term of 10 years.  Also upon conversion of any of the warrants relating to the sale of the units the Company is required to issue additional warrants as part of the fee agreement.

In connection with the notes payable the Company issued 1,123,923 warrants.  The value of the warrants was determined using the Black Scholes model with the following weighted average assumptions; Term 3 years, Stock Price at the date of the grant $0.37, Strike Price $0.40, Volatility 121%, Dividend $0, Risk Free Interest Rate 0.32%.  The value of $284,914 has been recorded as a prepaid loan fee and is being amortized over the life of the loan.

The Company issued 44,000 warrants for consulting services. The value of the warrants was determined using the Black Scholes model with the following weighted average assumptions; Term 5 years, Stock Price at the date of the grant $0.33, Strike Price $0.40, Volatility 121%, Dividend $0, Risk Free Interest Rate 1.46%.  The value of $11,610 has been recorded as a prepaid asset and is being amortized over the life of the consulting agreement.

A summary of warrants as of December 31, 2013 and 2012 is as follows:
 
    Number of Options    
Weighted Average
Exercise Price of Options
   
Number of Warrants
   
Weighted Average
Exercise Price of Warrants
 
Outstanding 1/01/2012
   
-
   
$
-
     
307,000
   
$
0.28
 
Granted
   
-
     
-
     
1,372,500
     
0.54
 
Cancelled
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Exercised
   
-
     
-
     
(247,000
   
0.25
 
Outstanding 12/31/2012
   
-
   
$
-
     
1,432,500
   
$
0.53
 
Granted
   
-
     
-
     
11,813,558
     
0.62
 
Cancelled
   
-
     
-
     
-
     
-
 
Exercised
   
-
     
-
     
(307,500
   
0.28
 
Outstanding 12/31/2013
   
-
   
$
-
     
12,938,558
   
$
0.62
 

Note 10 - Lease commitments and related party transactions
 
In December of 2011, the Company leased space in Scottsdale, Arizona for its main headquarters. The lease runs from January of 2012 to March of 2014 at a rate of $1,907 per month. Future minimum payments as of December 31, 2013 under this lease are $5,721 for 2014.
 
Rent expense was $26,260 and $24,468 for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company issued 60,000 shares, valued at $29,400 to a former director for consulting services.

During the years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011, the Company issued notes payable to related parties.  The maturity dates for these notes were extended during the year ended December 31, 2013.  See Note 6 for further details.

During the year ended December 31, 2013 the Company issued notes payable and warrants to related parties.  See Note 6 for further details.

See Note 13 for details on stock issued to employees and related party consultants per their employment or consulting contracts with the Company.
 
 
F-16

 
Note 11 - Fair Value Measurements

The Company adopted ASC Topic 820-10 to measure the fair value of certain of its financial assets that are required to be measured on a recurring basis.  The adoption of ASC Topic 820-10 did not impact the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.  ASC Topic 820-10 establishes a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value.  The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements).  ASC Topic 820-10 defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date.  A fair value measurement assumes that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability occurs in the principal market for the asset or liability.  The three levels of the fair value hierarchy under ASC Topic 820-10 are described below:
 
Level 1 - Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that an entity has the ability to access.
 
Level 2 - Valuations based on quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable data for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities.
 
Level 3 - Valuations based on inputs that are supportable by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the asset or liability.  The Company had no level three assets or liabilities as of December 31, 2013 or 2012; therefore, a reconciliation of the changes during the year is not shown. 
 
The following table presents a reconciliation of all assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2012:

   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Fair Value
 
Notes Payable
   
-
   
$
200,000
     
-
   
$
200,000
 
 
The following table presents a reconciliation of all assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2013:
 
   
Level 1
   
Level 2
   
Level 3
   
Fair Value
 
Notes payable
   
-
   
$
1,123,900
     
-
   
$
1,123,933
 

Note 12 - Income Taxes
 
The Company’s operations for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 resulted in losses, thus no income taxes have been reflected in the accompanying statements of operations.
 
The provision for income taxes for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 consists of the following:

   
12-31-2013
   
12-31-2012
 
Current tax
 
$
-
   
$
-
 
Benefits of deferred tax assets
   
733,389
     
535,995
 
Change in valuation allowance
   
(733,389
)
   
(535,995
)
Provision for income tax expense
 
$
-
   
$
-
 

As of December 31, 2013 the Company has net operating loss carry-forwards of approximately $4,549,000 which expire in the years 2029-2033.  These operating loss carry-forwards may be used to reduce future income taxes payable.  A valuation allowance has been recorded to reduce the net benefit recorded in the financial statements related to this deferred asset. The valuation allowance is deemed necessary as a result of the uncertainty associated with the ultimate realization of these deferred tax assets.  For the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 the effective tax rate was 0% resulting from a 34% valuation allowance rate offsetting the statutory rate of 34%.
 
 
F-17


Below is a summary of deferred tax asset calculations as of December 31, 2013 based on a 34% income tax rate. Currently there is no reasonable assurance that the Company will be able to take advantage of a deferred tax asset. Thus, an offsetting allowance has been established for the deferred asset.

   
Deferred tax asset
   
34% tax rate
 
Net operating loss
 
$
4,549,000
   
$
1,622,160
 
Research credit
           
75,500
 
Valuation allowance
           
(1,697,660
)
Deferred tax asset
         
$
-
 

Below is a summary of deferred tax asset calculations as of December 31, 2012 based on a 34% income tax rate. Currently there is no reasonable assurance that the Company will be able to take advantage of a deferred tax asset. Thus, an offsetting allowance has been established for the deferred asset.

   
Deferred tax asset
   
34% tax rate
 
Net operating loss
 
$
2,408,446
   
$
818,871
 
Research credit
           
69,986
 
Valuation allowance
           
(888,857
)
Deferred tax asset
         
$
-
 

Management does not believe that it has taken a position in its tax return that creates a more likely than not potential for          future liability under the guidance of FIN 48.  The Company has no interest or penalties for the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 but the policy would be to record any of these items as a separate component of general and administrative expense.  The Company files income tax returns in the US Federal jurisdiction and various state jurisdictions   The Company is no longer subject for any Federal or state examinations for years beginning on January 1, 2009.  The Company is not under any current income tax examinations.

Note 13 - Employment Contracts

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company entered into an amended and restated three-year employment contract with its Chief Operating Officer.  If the Company meets various goals and criteria during those three years, which have been set forth in the agreement, they will issue a prescribed amount of shares of its common stock to the Chief Operating Officer.  The Company reserved 450,000 shares of its common stock as required by the agreement.  As of December 31, 2013, in accordance with the terms of the agreement, the employee vested 335,000 shares of restricted stock for achieving milestones as set forth in the employment agreement.  

During the year ended December 31, 2012, the Company entered into a three-year contact with its Vice President of Customer Support.  If the Company meets various goals and criteria during those three years they will issue a prescribed amount of its common shares to the Vice President of Customer Support, all of which are prescribed in the agreement.  The Company reserved 288,000 shares of its common stock as required by the agreement.  As of December 31, 2013, in accordance with the terms of the agreement, the employee vested 91,200 shares of restricted stock for achieving milestones as set forth in the employment agreement.  

On March 4, 2013, the Company entered into an employment agreement with its CEO/president.  The CEO/president has the ability to earn shares of common stock over the term of the agreement, which runs through March 31, 2014.  The Company reserved 750,000 shares of its common stock as required by the agreement.  Per the agreement, the Company will issue 150,000 common shares on the last day of every fiscal quarter as compensation through that period.  As of December 31, 2013 600,000 common shares have vested.  In addition, the Chief Executive Officer and President shall earn an initial base salary of $250,000, which began on January 1, 2013 and will accrue until the Company completes certain requirements per the agreement.   

On March 4, 2013, the Company amended the agreement with its non-employee interim Chief Financial Officer (CFO).  The CFO has the ability to earn shares of common stock over the term of the agreement, which runs through March 31, 2014.  The Company reserved 416,250 shares of its common stock as required by the agreement.  Per the contract, the Company will issue a prescribed amount of common shares on the last day of every fiscal quarter, beginning with the second quarter of 2013 and ending on March 31, 2014.  As of December 31, 2013, 312,000 shares have vested.  In addition, the Non-Employee Interim Chief Financial Officer will earn a base monthly retainer of $3000, which began to accrue on January 1, 2013 and will continue to accrue until the Company completes certain requirements per the agreement.  
 
 
F-18

 
As of December 31, 2013, the Company has a total of 548,550 shares of its common stock reserved for the following employment contracts:
 
Employee or Position
 
Shares
 
Chief Operating Officer
   
97,500
 
Vice President of Customer Support
   
196,800
 
Chief Executive Officer
   
150,000
 
Non-Employee Interim Chief Financial Officer
   
104,250
 
Total
   
548,550
 

Note 14 - Public & Investor Relations Agreements

On March 1, 2013, the Company entered into a one-year agreement with Kraves PR to assist with public relations as the Company moves into scaled production and distribution.  The contract will be executed on a project-by-project basis, beginning with media assistance provided at an industry conference in April 2013.  All monies paid under this contract will be classified in sales, general and administrative expenses as a marketing expenditure.

On August 30, 2013, we entered an agreement with an investor relations firm for a period of 12 months, ending May 26, 2014, with the right to cancel services at the end of each subsequent three-month period.  The terms of the agreement called for the issuance of 142,000 common shares to be issued for the first three-months of service ending November 26, 2013, and then the equivalent number of shares required to compensate for the $50,000 per period thereafter.

On May 15, 2013 we authorized the issuance of a five-year warrant to purchase 66,000 shares of common stock for $0.40 per share.  These warrants vested at a rate of 22,000 per month over the three-month period of the agreement.  As of December 31, 2013 all 66,000 were vested.
 
Note 15 - Subsequent events

On January 17, 2014, the Company entered into a revolving line of credit agreement with Cornerstone Bank, N.A.  The agreement provides for an aggregate of up to $700,000 at any time outstanding pursuant to a revolving line of credit and matures on January 16, 2015.  The agreement is secured by inventory, work in process, accounts receivable and was personally guaranteed by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer/President.  Borrowings bear interest at 6% per annum, with monthly interest payments to be paid by the Company.

On January 17, 2014, the Company made a payment of $597,500 as a down payment of 50% for the purchase of 10,000 units of its Pro V2 devices from its supplier.

On February 3, 2014, the Company entered into a three month consulting agreement, for management consulting, business advisory, shareholder information and public relations services.

On February 12, 2014, the Company received $50,000 from a director in the form of a promissory note.  The note is unsecured, bears interest of 12% per annum and is due on July 15, 2014.  In association with this note, the director was also issued 50,000 warrants to purchase common stock.

On February 24, 2014, the Company received $25,000 from a director in the form of a promissory note.  The note is unsecured, bears interest of 12% per annum and is due on July 15, 2014.  In association with this note, the director was also issued 25,000 warrants to purchase common stock.

On February 24, 2014, the Company received $25,000 from its CEO in the form of a promissory note.  The note is unsecured, bears interest of 12% per annum and is due on July 15, 2014.  In association with this note, the CEO was also issued 400,000 warrants to purchase common stock.

On February 24, 2014, the Company received $25,000 from an unaffiliated third party in the form of a promissory note.  The note is unsecured, bears interest of 12% per annum and is due on July 15, 2014.  In association with this note, the third party was also issued 25,000 warrants to purchase common stock.

During the first quarter of 2014, the Company initiated development activities for the new consumer version of its product.  To date, expenses for this project have totaled approximately $20,000.

 
F-19

 
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants On Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

On June 12, 2013, we dismissed Weaver Martin & Samyn, LLC as our independent accountant.  On the same date, we engaged L.L. Bradford & Company, LLC, as our independent accountants for the year ended December 31, 2013. This is a change in accountants recommended and approved by our Executive Management, Audit Committee and Board of Directors. During the most recent two fiscal years and the portion of time preceding the decision to engage L.L. Bradford & Company, LLC, neither the company nor anyone engaged on its behalf has consulted with L.L. Bradford & Company, LLC regarding (i) either the application of accounting principles to a specified transaction, either completed or proposed; or the type of audit opinion that might be rendered on its financial statements; or (ii) any matter that was either the subject of a disagreement (as defined in Item 304(a)(1)(iv) of Regulation S-K) or a reportable event.

The audit reports issued by Weaver Martin & Samyn, LLC with respect to our financial statements for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2012 and 2011 did not contain an adverse opinion or disclaimer of opinion, and were not qualified or modified as to uncertainty, audit scope, or accounting principles, except that Weaver Martin & Samyn, LLC’s report contained an explanatory paragraph regarding substantial doubt about our ability to continue as a going concern. From July of 2010 through the notice date, there were no disagreements between us and Weaver Martin & Samyn, LLC on any matter of accounting principles or practices, financial statement disclosure or auditing scope or procedure, which disagreements, if not resolved to the satisfaction of Weaver Martin & Samyn, LLC would have caused it to make a reference to the subject matter of the disagreement in connection with its audit report.

The change in accountants does not result from any dissatisfaction with the quality of professional services rendered by Weaver Martin & Samyn, LLC, as our independent accountants.
 
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures.
 
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

Our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, C. Stephen Cochennet and Kathleen Hanrahan, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) as of the end of the period covered by this Report.  Based on the evaluation, Mr. Cochennet and Ms. Hanrahan concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in timely altering them to material information relating to us (including our consolidated subsidiaries) required to be included in our periodic SEC filings.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
There has been no change in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during our last fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.
 
Internal control systems, no matter how well designed and operated, have inherent limitations.  Therefore, even a system that is determined to be effective cannot provide absolute assurance that all control issues have been detected or prevented.  Our systems of internal controls are designed to provide reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.

Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as is defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These internal controls are designed to provide reasonable assurance that the reported financial information is presented fairly, that disclosures are adequate and that the judgments inherent in the preparation of financial statements are reasonable. There are inherent limitations in the effectiveness of any system of internal control, including the possibility of human error and overriding of controls. Consequently, an effective internal control system can only provide reasonable, not absolute, assurance, with respect to reporting financial information.

Management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework and criteria established in Internal Control — Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2013.

This annual report does not include an attestation report of our registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by our registered public accounting firm pursuant to temporary rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission that permit us to provide only management’s report in this annual report.
 
Item 9B. Other Information.
 
None.
 
 
27

 
PART III
 
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
 
Our executive officers and directors, the positions held by them, and their ages are as follows:

Name
 
Age
 
Title(s)
 
Board Committee(s)(1)
Steve Cochennet
  57  
CEO/President, Secretary, Treasurer and Chairman of the Board
 
Executive
Paul Hughes
  46  
Chief Operating Officer for Guardian 8 Corporation
 
None
Kathleen Hanrahan
  50  
Interim Chief Financial Officer and Director
 
GCNC
James G. Miller
  65  
Director
 
Executive, Audit (Chairman)